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Sunday, 13 October 2013

TDS on Salary FY 2013-14 / AY 2014-15

Provisions of TDS on Salary as applicable on Income from Salary for Financial year 2013-14 / Assessment year 2014-15. This includes how to calculate TDS on Salary for Financial year 2013-14 and taxability of various components of Salary, Eligible deduction for Salaried Employees, TDS Due Date and TDS return and deduction provisions.
Government of India
Ministry of Finance
Department of Revenue
Central Board of Direct Taxes
CIRCULAR NO. 8/2013, Dated: Dated: October 10, 2013
Subject: Income Tax Deduction from salaries during the financial year 2013-14 under section 192 of the income tax act, 1961
Reference is invited to Circular No.08/2012 dated 05.10.2012 whereby the rates of deduction of income-tax from the payment of income under the head “Salaries” under Section 192 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (hereinafter ‘the Act’), during the financial year 2012-2013, were intimated. The present Circular contains the rates of deduction of income-tax from the payment of income chargeable under the head “Salaries” during the financial year 2013-2014 and explains certain related provisions of the Act and Income-tax Rules, 1962 (hereinafter the Rules). The relevant Acts, Rules, Forms and Notifications are available at the website of the Income Tax Department- www.incometaxindia.gov.in.
2. RATES OF INCOME-TAX AS PER FINANCE ACT. 2013:
As per the Finance Act, 2013, income-tax is required to be deducted under Section 192 of the Act from income chargeable under the head “Salaries” for the financial year 2013-14 (i.e. Assessment Year 2014-15) at the following rates:
2.1 Rates of tax
A. Normal Rates of tax:
Sl No
Total Income
Rate of tax
1 Where the total income does not exceed Rs. 2,00,000/-. Nil
2 Where the total income exceeds Rs. 2,00,000 but does not exceed Rs. 5,00,000/- 10 per cent of the amount by which the total income exceeds Rs. 2,00,000/-
3 Where the total income exceeds Rs. 5,00,000/- but does not exceed Rs. 10,00,000/-. Rs. 30,000/- plus 20 per cent of the amount by which the total income exceeds Rs. 5,00,000/-.
4 Where the total income exceeds Rs. 10,00,000/-. Rs. 1,30,000/- plus 30 Per cent of the amount by which the total income exceeds Rs. 10,00,000/-
B. Rates of tax for every Individual, resident in India, who is of the age of sixty years or more but less than eighty years at any time during the financial year:


Sl
No
Total Income
Rate of tax
1
Where the total income does not exceed Rs.
2,50,000/-
Nil
2
Where the total income exceeds  Rs. 2,50,000
but does not exceed  Rs. 5,00,000/-
10 per cent of the amount by which the
total income exceeds Rs. 2,50,000/-
3
Where the total income exceeds Rs.
5,00,000/- but does not exceed  Rs.
10,00,000/-
Rs. 25,000/- plus 20 per cent of the
amount by which the total income exceeds Rs. 5,00,000/-.
4
Where the total income exceeds Rs.
10,00,000/-
Rs. 1,25,000/- plus 30 per cent of the
amount by which the  total income exceeds Rs. 10,00,000/-
C. In case of every individual being a resident in India, who is of the age of eighty years or more at any time during the financial year:
Sl
No
Total Income
Rate of tax
1
Where the total income does not exceed Rs.
5,00,000/-
Nil
2
Where the total income exceeds  Rs.
5,00,000 but does not exceed  Rs.
10,00,000/-
20 per cent of the amount by which the
total income exceeds Rs. 5,00,000/-
4
Where the total income exceeds  Rs.
10,00,000/-
Rs. 1,00,000/- plus 30 per cent of the
amount  by which the  total income exceeds Rs. 10,00,000/-
2.2 Surcharge on Income tax:
The amount of income-tax shall be increased by a surcharge @10% of the Income-tax on payments to an individual taxpayer, if the  total income of the individual  exceeds Rs 1 crore during FY 2013-14 (AY 2014-15). However the amount of Surcharge shall not exceed the amount by which the individual’s total income exceeds Rs 1 crore and if surcharge so arrived at, exceeds such amount (assessee’s total income minus one crore) then it will be restricted to the amount of total income minus Rupees one crore.
2.3.1  Education Cess on Income tax:
The amount of income-tax including the surcharge if any,  shall be increased by Education Cess on Income Tax at the rate of two percent of the income-tax.
2.3.2  Secondary and Higher Education Cess on Income-tax:
An  additional  cess  is  chargeable  at  the  rate  of  one  percent  of  income-tax  including  the surcharge if any,  but not including the Education Cess on income tax as in 2.3.1.
3. SECTION 192 OF THE INCOME-TAX ACT, 1961: BROAD SCHEME OF TAX DEDUCTION AT SOURCE FROM “SALARIES”:
3.1  Method of Tax Calculation:
Every person who is responsible for paying any income chargeable under the head “Salaries” shall  deduct income-tax  on  the estimated income of the assessee  under the head “Salaries” for the financial year 2013-14. The income-tax is required to be calculated on the basis of the rates  given above, subject to the  provisions related to requirement to furnish PAN as per sec 206AA of the Act, and shall be deducted at the time of each payment. No tax, however, will be required to be deducted at source  in  any  case unless the  estimated salary income including the value of perquisites, for the financial year exceeds Rs. 2,00,000/- or Rs.2,50,000/- or Rs. 5,00,000/-, as the case may be, depending upon the age of the employee.(Some typical examples of computation of tax are given at Annexure-I).
3.2 Payment of Tax on Perquisites by Employer:
An option has been given to  the employer to pay the tax  on non-monetary perquisites given to an employee.  The employer  may, at its option, make  payment of the tax on such perquisites himself  without making any TDS from the salary of the  employee. However, the employer will have to pay the tax at the time when such tax  was  otherwise  deductible  i.e. at the time of payment of income chargeable under the head “salaries” to the employee.
3.2.1  Computation of Average Income Tax:
For the purpose  of  making  the  payment  of  tax mentioned in para 3.2 above, tax  is to be determined at the  average  of income  tax  computed on the  basis of rate in force  for  the financial  year, on  the  income  chargeable under the  head  ”salaries”, including the  value of perquisites for  which tax  has been paid by the employer himself.
3.2.2  Illustration:
The income chargeable under the head “salaries” of an employee below sixty years of age for the year inclusive of all perquisites is Rs.4,50,000/-, out of which, Rs.50,000/- is on account of non-monetary perquisites and  the employer opts to pay the tax on such perquisites as per the provisions discussed in para 3.2 above.
STEPS:
Income Chargeable under the head “Salaries”
inclusive of all perquisites
Rs.  4,50,000/-
Tax on Total Salary (including Cess) Rs.  25,750/-
Average Rate of Tax [(25,750/4,50,000) X 100] 5.72%
Tax payable on Rs.50,000/= (5.72% of 50,000) Rs.  2,861/-
Amount required to be deposited each month Rs.  240 (Rs. 238.4) =2881/12)
The  tax  so paid  by  the  employer shall be deemed to be TDS made from the salary of the employee.
3.3  Salary From More Than One Employer:
Section 192(2) deals with situations where an individual is working under more than one employer or has changed from one employer to another. It provides for deduction  of  tax at source by such employer (as the tax payer may choose) from the aggregate salary of the employee,  who is or has been in receipt of salary from more than one employer. The employee is now required to furnish to the present/chosen employer details of the income under the head “Salaries” due or received from the former/other employer and also tax deducted at source therefrom, in writing and duly verified by him and by the former/other employer. The present/chosen employer will be required to deduct tax at source on the aggregate amount of salary (including salary received from the former or other employer).
3.4 Relief When Salary Paid in Arrear or Advance:
3.4.1  Under  section  192(2A)  where  the  assessee,  being  a  Government  servant  or  an employee  in  a company,  co-operative  society,  local  authority,  university, institution, association or body is entitled to the relief under  Section 89(1)  he may furnish to the person responsible  for making the payment referred to  in Para (3.1), such particulars in  Form No. 10E duly verified by him,  and thereupon the person responsible, as aforesaid, shall  compute the relief on the basis of such  particulars and take the same into  account  in  making  the deduction  under Para(3.1) above.
Here “University means  a  University  established  or  incorporated  by  or  under  a Central, State  or  Provincial  Act,  and  includes  an institution  declared  under  section 3 of the University Grants  Commission  Act, 1956, to be a University for the purposes of that Act.
3.4.2  With effect from 1/04/2010 (AY 2010-11), no such relief shall be granted in respect of any amount received or receivable by an assessee on his voluntary retirement or termination of his service, in accordance with any scheme or schemes of voluntary retirement or in the case of a public sector company referred to in section 10(10C)(i) (read with Rule 2BA), a scheme of voluntary separation, if an exemption in respect of any amount received or receivable on such voluntary retirement or termination of his service or voluntary separation has been claimed by the assessee under section 10(10C) in respect of such, or any other, assessment year.
3.5  Information regarding Income under any other head:
(i) Section 192(2B)  enables a taxpayer to furnish  particulars  of income under any head other than “Salaries” ( not being a loss under any such head other than the loss under the head “ Income from house property”) received by the taxpayer for the same financial year and of any tax deducted at source thereon. The particulars may now be furnished in a simple statement, which is properly signed and verified by the taxpayer in the  manner as prescribed under Rule 26B(2) of the Rules and shall be annexed to the simple statement. The form of verification is reproduced as under:
I, …………………. (name of the assessee), do declare that what is stated above is true to the best of my information and belief.
It is reiterated that the DDO can take into account any loss only under the head “Income from house  property”.  Loss under any other head cannot be considered by the DDO for calculating the  amount  of  tax  to be deducted.
3.6 Computation of income under the head “ Income from house property”:
While  taking  into  account  the  loss  from  House  Property,  the  DDO  shall  ensure  that  the employee  files  the declaration referred to above and encloses therewith  a computation of such loss from house property. Following details shall be obtained and kept by the employer in respect of loss claimed under the head “ Income from house property” separately for each house property:
a)  Gross annual rent/value
b)  Municipal Taxes paid, if any
c)  Deduction claimed for interest paid, if any
d)  Other deductions claimed e)  Address of the property
f)Amount of loan, if any; and
g)  Name and address of the lender (loan provider)
3.6.1  Conditions for Claim of Deduction of Interest on Borrowed Capital for Computation of Income From House Property Section 24(b):
Section 24(b) of the Act allows deduction from income from houses property on interest on borrowed capital as under:-
(i) the deduction is allowed only in case of  house property which is owned and is in the occupation of the employee for his own residence.However, if it is actually not occupied by the employee in view of his place of the employment being at other place, his residence in that other place should not be in a building belonging to him.
(ii) The quantum of deduction allowed as per table below:
Sl
No
Purpose of borrowing capital
Date of borrowing
capital
Maximum Deduction
allowable
1
Repair or renewal or reconstruction of the
house
Any time Rs. 30,000/-
2
Acquisition or construction of the house Before 01.04.1999 Rs. 30,000/-
3
Acquisition or construction of the house On or after 01.04.1999 Rs. 1,50,000/-
In case of Serial No. 3 above
(a) The acquisition or constructing of the house should be completed within3 years from the end of the FY in which the capital was borrowed. Hence it is necessary for the DDO to have the completion certificate of the house property against which deduction is claimed either from the builder or through self-declaration from the employee.
(b) Further any prior period interest for the FYs upto the FY in which the property was acquired and constructed shall be deducted in equal installments for the FY in question and subsequent four FYs.
(c) The employee has to furnish before the DDO a certificate from the person to whom any interest is payable on the borrowed capital specifying the amount of interest payable. In case a new loan is taken to repay the earlier loan, then the certificate should also show the details of  Principal and Interest of the loan so repaid.
3.7 Adjustment for Excess or Shortfall of Deduction:
The provisions of Section 192(3) allow the deductor to make adjustments for any excess  or shortfall in the deduction of tax already made during the financial year, in subsequent deductions for that employee within  that financial year itself.
3.8 Salary Paid in Foreign Currency:
For  the purposes of deduction of tax on salary payable  in  foreign currency, the value in rupees of such salary shall be calculated at the “Telegraphic transfer buying rate” of such currency as on the date on which tax is required to be deducted at source ( see Rule 26).
4.PERSONS RESPONSIBLE FOR DEDUCTING TAX AND THEIR DUTIES:
4.1.  As per section 204(i) of the Act, the  ”persons responsible for paying” for the purpose of Section 192 means  the  employer  himself or if the employer  is a Company, the Company itself including the Principal Officer thereof. Further, as per Section 204(iv), in the case of credit, or as the case may be, if the payment is by or on behalf of Central Government or State Government, the DDO or any other person by whatever name called, responsible for crediting, or as the case may be, paying such sum is the  “persons responsible for paying”.
4.2.  The tax determined as per para 9 should be deducted from the salary u/s 192 of the Act.
4.3.  Deduction of Tax at Lower Rate:
If the jurisdictional TDS officer of the Taxpayer issues a certificate of No Deduction or Lower Deduction of Tax under section 197 of the  Act, in response to the application filed before him in Form No 13 by the Taxpayer; then the DDO should take into account such certificate and deduct tax on the salary payable at the rates mentioned therein.(see Rule 28AA).
4.4.  Deposit of Tax Deducted:
Rule 30 prescribes time and mode of payment of tax deducted at source to the account of Central Government.
4.4.1. Due dates for payment of TDS
Prescribed time of payment/deposit of TDS to the credit of Central Government account is as under:
a) In case of an Office of Government:
Sl  No.
Description
Time up to which to be deposited.
1
Tax deposited without Challan [Book Entry]
SAME DAY
2
Tax deposited with Challan 7TH DAY NEXT MONTH
3
Tax on perquisites opt to be deposited by the employer. 7TH DAY NEXT MONTH
b)  In any case other than an Office of Government
Sl  No.
Description
Time up to which to be deposited.
1
Tax deducted in March 30th APRIL NEXT FINANCIAL YEAR
2
Tax deducted  in any other month 7TH DAY NEXT MONTH
3
Tax on perquisites opted to be deposited by the employer 7TH DAY NEXT MONTH
However, if a DDO applies before the jurisdictional Additional/Joint Commissioner of Income Tax to permit quarterly payments of TDS under section 192, the Rule 30(3) allows for payments on quarterly basis and as per  time given in Table below:
Sl. No. Quarter of the financial year ended on Date for quarterly payment
1
30th June
7th July
2
30th September
7th October
3
31st December
7th January
4
31st March
30th April next Financial Year
4.4.2  Mode of Payment of TDS
4.4.2.1 Compulsory filing of Statement by PAO, Treasury Officer, etc in case of payment of TDS by Book Entry:
In the case of an office of the Government, where tax has been paid to the credit of the Central Government without the production of a challan [Book Entry], the Pay and Accounts Officer or the Treasury Officer or the Cheque Drawing and Disbursing Officer or any other person by whatever name called to whom the deductor reports about the tax deducted and who is responsible for crediting such sum to the credit of the Central Government, shall‐
(a) submit a statement in Form No. 24G within ten days from the end of the month to the  agency  authorized  by  the  Director  General  of  Income‐tax  (Systems)  [TIN Facilitation Centres currently managed by M/s National Securities Depository Ltd] in respect of tax deducted by the deductors and reported to him for that month; and
(b) intimate the number (hereinafter referred to as the Book Identification Number or BIN) generated by the agency to each of the deductors in respect of whom the sum deducted  has  been  credited.  BIN  consist  of  receipt  number  of  Form  24G,  DDO sequence number in Form No. 24G and date on which tax is deposited.
The procedure of furnishing Form 24G is detailed in Annexure III. PAOs/DDOs should go through the FAQs in Annexure IV  to understand the correct process to be followed. The ZAO / PAO of Central Government Ministries is responsible for filing of Form No. 24G on monthly basis. The person responsible for filing Form No. 24G in case of State Govt. Departments is shown at Annexure V.
The procedure of furnishing Form 24G is detailed in Annexure IV. PAOs/DDOs should go through the FAQs therein to understand the correct process to be followed.
4.4.2.2  Payment by an Income Tax Challan:
(i) In  case the payment is made by an Income Tax Challan,  the amount of tax so deducted shall be deposited to the credit of the Central Government by remitting it, within the time specified in Table in para 4.4.1 above, into any office of the Reserve Bank of India or branches of the State Bank of India or of any authorized bank;
(ii) In case of a company and a person (other than a company), to whom provisions of section 44AB are applicable, the amount deducted shall be  electronically remitted into the Reserve Bank of India or the State Bank of India or any authorised bank accompanied  by an electronic income-tax challan (Rule125).
The amount shall be construed as electronically remitted to the Reserve Bank of India or to the State Bank of India or to any authorized bank, if the amount is remitted by way of:
(a) internet banking facility of the Reserve Bank of India or of the State Bank of India or of any authorized bank; or
(b) debit card. {Notification No.41/2010 dated 31st May 2010}
4.5  Interest, Penalty & Prosecution for Failure to Deposit Tax Deducted:
4.5.1 If a person fails to deduct the whole or any part of the tax at source, or, after deducting, fails to pay the whole  or any part of the tax to the credit of the  Central Government  within the prescribed time, he shall be  liable  to action in accordance with the provisions of section 201 and shall be deemed to be an assessee-in-default in respect of such tax and liable for  penal action u/s 221 of the Act. Further Section 201(1A)  lays down that such person  shall  be liable to pay simple interest
(i) at 1% for every month or part of the month on the amount of such tax from the date on  which such tax was deductible to the date  on which such tax is deducted; and
(ii) at one and one-half percent for every month or part of a month on the amount of such tax from the date on which such tax was deducted to the date on which such tax is actually paid.
Such interest, if chargeable,  is mandatory in nature and has to be paid before furnishing of quarterly statement of TDS for respective quarter.
4.5.2 Section 271C inter alia lays down that if  any person  fails  to  deduct whole or any part of tax at source or fails to pay the whole or part of tax under second proviso to section 194B, he  shall  be  liable to pay, by way of  penalty, a sum equal to the amount  of tax  not  deducted or paid by him.
4.5.3 Further, section  276B  lays  down that  if  a person fails to pay to the credit  of  the Central  Government  within  the prescribed  time, as above, the  tax  deducted at  source  by him, he shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment  for a term which shall be between 3 months and 7 years, along with fine.
4.6 Furnishing of Certificate for Tax Deducted (Section 203):
4.6.1 Section 203 requires the DDO to furnish to the employee a certificate in Form 16 detailing the amount of TDS and certain other particulars. The Act stipulates that Form 16 should be furnished to the employee by 31st May after the end of the financial year in which the income was paid and tax deducted. Even the banks deducting tax at the time of payment of pension are required to issue such certificates. Revised Form 16 annexed to Notification No11 dated 19-02-2013 is enclosed. The certificate in Form 16 shall specify
(a)Valid permanent account number (PAN) of the deductee;
(b)Valid tax deduction and collection account number (TAN) of the deductor;
(c)  (i)  Book  identification  number  or  numbers  (BIN)  where  deposit  of  tax deducted is without production of challan in case of an office of the Government;
(ii) Challan identification number or numbers (CIN*) in case of payment through bank.
(*Challan identification number (CIN) means the number comprising the Basic Statistical Returns (BSR) Code of the Bank branch where the tax has been deposited, the date on which the tax has been deposited and challan serial number given by the bank.)
(d) Receipt numbers of all the relevant quarterly statements in case the statement referred to in clause (i) is for tax deducted at source from income chargeable under the head “Salaries”. The receipt number of the quarterly statement is of 8 digit.
Further as per Circular 04/2013 dated 17-04-2013 all deductors (including Government deductors who deposit TDS in the Central Government Account through book entry) shall issue the Part A of Form No. 16, by generating and subsequently downloading it through TRACES Portal  and after duly authenticating and verifying it, in respect of all sums deducted on or after the 1st day of April, 2012 under the provisions of section 192 of Chapter XVII-B. Part A of Form No 16 shall have a unique TDS certificate number.  ‘Part B (Annexure)’ of Form No. 16 shall be prepared by the deductor manually and issued to the deductee after due authentication and verification alongwith the Part A of the Form No. 16.
It may be noted that under the new TDS procedure, the accuracy and availability of TAN, PAN and  receipt  number  of  TDS  statement  filed  by  the  deductor  will  be  unique  identifier  for granting online credit for TDS. Hence due care should be taken in filling these particulars. Due care should also be taken in indicating correct CIN/ BIN  in TDS certificate.
If the DDO fails to issue these certificates to the person concerned, as required by section 203, he will be liable to pay, by way of penalty, under section 272A(2)(g), a sum which shall be Rs.100/- for every day during which the failure continues.
It  is, however, clarified that there is no obligation to issue the TDS certificate in case tax at source  is not deductible/deducted  by virtue of claims of exemptions  and  deductions.
[Note: TRACES is a web-based application of the Income - tax Department that provides an interface to all stakeholders associated with TDS administration. It enables viewing of challan status, downloading of NSDL Conso File, Justification Report and Form 16 / 16A as well as viewing of annual tax credit statements (Form 26AS). Each deductor is required to Register in the Traces portal. Form 16/16A issued to deductees should mandatorily be generated and downloaded from the TRACES portal]
4.6.2.  If an assessee is employed by more than one employer during the year, each of the employers shall issue Part A of the certificate in Form No. 16 pertaining to the period for which such assessee was employed with each of the employers and Part B may be issued by each of the employers or the last employer at the option of the assessee.
4.6.3.  Authentication by Digital Signatures:
(i) Where a certificate is to be furnished in Form No. 16, the deductor  may, at his option, use digital signatures to authenticate such certificates.
(ii) In case of certificates issued under clause (i), the deductor shall ensure that
(a) the conditions prescribed in para 4.6.1 above are complied with;
(b) once the certificate is digitally signed, the contents of the certificates are not amenable to change; and
(c)  the  certificates  have  a  control  number  and  a  log  of  such  certificates  is maintained by the deductor.
™  The digital signature is being used to authenticate most of the e-transactions on the internet as transmission of information using digital signature is fail safe. It saves time specially in organisations having large number of employees where issuance of certificate of deduction of tax with manual signature is time consuming (Circular no 2 of 2007 dated 21.05.2007)
4.6.4. Furnishing of particulars pertaining to perquisites, etc (Section 192(2C):
4.6.4.1 As per section 192(2C), the responsibility of providing correct and complete particulars of perquisites or profits in lieu of salary given to an employee is placed on the person responsible for paying such income i.e., the person responsible  for deducting tax at source. The form and  manner  of  such particulars are prescribed in Rule 26A, Form 12BA (Annexure II) and Form 16 of the Rules. Information relating to the nature and value of perquisites is to be provided by the employer in Form 12BA in case salary paid or payable is above  Rs.1,50,000/-. In other cases, the information would have to be provided  by the employer  in Form 16 itself.
4.6.4.2 An employer, who has paid the tax on perquisites on behalf of the employee as per the provisions discussed in para 3.2 of this circular, shall furnish to the employee concerned, a certificate to the effect that tax has been paid to the Central Government and specify the amount so paid, the rate at which tax has been paid and certain other particulars in the amended Form 16.
4.6.4.3 The obligation cast on the employer under Section 192(2C) for furnishing a statement showing the value  of  perquisites  provided to the employee is a crucial responsibility of the employer, which is expected to be discharged in  accordance  with law  and  rules of valuation framed there under. Any false information, fabricated documentation or suppression of requisite information will entail consequences thereof provided under the law. The certificates in Forms 16 and/or Form 12BA specified above, shall be furnished to the employee by 31st May of the financial year immediately following the financial year in which the income was paid and tax deducted. If he fails to issue these certificates to the person concerned, as required by section 192(2C), he will be liable to pay, by way of penalty, under section 272A(2)(i), a sum which  shall be Rs.100/- for every day during which the failure continues.
As per Section 139C of the Act,the Assessing Officer can require the taxpayer to produce Form 12BA alongwith Form 16, as issued by the employer.
4.7 Mandatory Quoting of PAN and TAN:
4.7.1  Section 203A of the  Act makes it obligatory  for  all persons  responsible for deducting tax at source to obtain and quote the Tax deduction and collection Account No (TAN) in the challans,  TDS-certificates,  statements  and other  documents.  Detailed instructions  in  this regard  are  available  in  this  Department’s  Circular  No.497  [F.No.275/118/  87-IT(B)  dated 9.10.1987]. If a person  fails  to  comply with the provisions of section  203A, he will be  liable to pay, by way of penalty, under  section 272BB, a sum of ten thousand rupees. Similarly, as per Section  139A(5B),  it is obligatory for persons deducting tax at source to quote PAN of the persons from whose income tax has  been  deducted in the statement  furnished  u/s 192(2C), certificates  furnished u/s 203 and  all  statements prepared and delivered as per the provisions of section 200(3) of the Act.
4.7.2 All tax deductors are required to file the TDS statements in Form No.24Q (for tax deducted from salaries). As the requirement of filing TDS certificates alongwith the return of income has been done away with, the lack of PAN of deductees is creating difficulties in giving credit for the tax deducted. Tax deductors are, therefore, advised to procure and quote correct PAN details of all deductees in the TDS statements for salaries in Form 24Q. Taxpayers are also liable to furnish their correct PAN to their deductors. Non-furnishing of PAN by the deductee (employee) to the deductor (employer) will result in deduction of TDS at higher rates u/s 206AA of the Act mentioned in para 4.8 below.
4.8 Compulsory Requirement to furnish PAN by employee (Section 206AA):
4.8.1  Section 206AA in the Act makes furnishing of PAN by the employee compulsory in case of receipt of any sum or income or amount, on which tax is deductible. If employee (deductee) fails to furnish his/her PAN to the deductor , the deductor has been made responsible to make TDS at higher of the following rates:
i)at the rate specified in the relevant provision of this Act; or ii)  at the rate or rates in force; or
iii)at the rate of twenty per cent.
The deductor has to determine the tax amount in all the three conditions and apply the higher rate of TDS. However, where the income of the employee computed for TDS u/s 192 is below taxable limit, no tax will be deducted. But  where the income of the employee computed for TDS u/s 192 is above taxable limit, the deductor will calculate the average rate of income-tax based on rates in force as provided in sec 192. If the tax so calculated is below 20%, deduction of tax will be made at the rate of 20% and in case the average rate exceeds 20%, tax is to deducted at the average rate. Education cess @ 2% and Secondary and Higher Education Cess @ 1% is not to be deducted, in case the tax is deducted at 20% u/s 206AA of the Act.
4.9 Statement of deduction of tax under section 200(3) [Quarterly Statement of TDS]:
4.9.1 The person deducting the tax (employer in case of salary income), is required to file duly verified Quarterly Statements of TDS in  Form 24Q  for the periods [details in Table below] of each financial year, to the TIN/facilitation Centres authorized by DGIT (System’s) which is currently managed by  M/s National Securities Depository Ltd (NSDL). Particulars of e-TDS Intermediary at any of the TIN Facilitation Centres are available at http://www.incometaxindia.gov.in and  http://tin-nsdl.com portals. The requirement of filing an annual return of TDS has been done away with w.e.f. 1.4.2006. The quarterly statement for the  last  quarter  filed  in  Form  24Q  (as  amended  by  Notification  No.  S.O.704(E)  dated
12.5.2006) shall be treated as the annual return of TDS. Due dates of filing this statement quarterwise is as in the Table below.
TABLE: Dates of filing Quarterly Statements E-TDS Return 24Q
Sl No Return for Quarter ending
Due date for Government
Offices
Due date for Other
Deductors
1
30th June
31st July
15th July
2
30th September 31st October 15th October
3
31st December 31st January 15th January
4
31st March
15th May
15th May
4.9.2 The statements referred above may be furnished in paper form or electronically under digital signature or alongwith verification of the statement in Form 27A of verified through an electronic process in accordance with the procedures, formats and standards specified by the Director General of Income‐tax (Systems). The procedure for furnishing the e-TDS/TCS statement is detailed at Annexure VI.
4.9.3 All Returns in Form 24Q are required to be furnished in electronically except in case where the number of deductee records is less than 20 and deductor is not an office of Government, or a company or a person who is required to get his accounts audited under section 44AB of the Act. [Notification No. 11 dated 19.02.2013].
4.9.4 Fee for default in furnishing statements (Section 234E):
If a person fails to deliver or caused to be delivered a statement within the time prescribed in section 200(3) in respect of tax deducted at source on or after 1.07.2012 he shall be liable to pay,  by way of fee a sum of Rs. 200 for every day during whichthe failure continues. However, the amount of such fee shall not exceed the amount of tax which was deductible at source.  This fee is mandatory in nature and to be paid before furnishing of such statement.
4.9.5 Penalty for failure in furnishing statements or furnishing incorrect information(section 271H):
If a person fails to deliver or caused to be delivered a statement within the time prescribed in section 200(3) or furnishes an incorrect statement, in respect of tax deducted at source on or after 1.07.2012, he shall be liable to pay, by way of penalty a sum which shall not be less than Rs. 10,000/-  but which may extend to Rs 1,00,000/-.  However, the penalty shall not be levied if the person proves that after paying TDS with the fee and interest, if any, to the credit of Central Government, he had delivered such statement before the expiry of one year from the time prescribed for delivering the statement.
4.9.6At the time of preparing statements of tax deducted, the deductor is required to mandatorily quote:
(i)  his tax deduction and collection account number (TAN) in the statement;
(ii) his permanent account number (PAN) in the statement except in the case where the deductor is an office of the Government( including State Government). In case of Government deductors “PANNOTREQD” to be quoted in the e-TDS statement;
(iii) the permanent account number PAN of all deductees;
(iv)furnish particulars of the tax paid to the Central Government including book identification number or challan identification number, as the case may be.
(v) furnish particular of amounts paid or credited on which tax was not deducted in view of the issue of certificate of no deduction of tax u/s 197 by the assessing officer of the payee.
4.10 TDS on Income from Pension:
In the case of pensioners who receive their pension from a nationalized bank,the instructions contained in this circular shall apply in the same  manner as they  apply  to salary- income. The deductions from  the amount of  pension under section 80C on account of contribution to Life Insurance, Provident Fund, NSC etc., if the pensioner furnishes the relevant details to the banks, may be allowed.  Necessary instructions in this regard were issued by the Reserve Bank of India to the State Bank of India and other  nationalized  Banks  vide RBI’s Pension Circular(Central Series) No.7/C.D.R./1992 (Ref. CO: DGBA: GA (NBS) No.60/GA.64 (11CVL)-/92) dated  the  27th  April 1992, and, these  instructions should be followed by all the  branches of the  Banks,  which have been entrusted with the task  of payment of pensions.  Further all branches of the banks are  bound  u/s 203 to issue certificate of tax deducted in Form 16 to the pensioners also vide CBDT circular no. 761 dated 13.1.98.
4.11.   Matters pertaining to the TDS made in case of Non Resident:
4.11.1 Where Non-Residents are deputed to working India and taxes are borne by the employer, if any refund becomes due to the employee after he has already left India  and has no bank account in India by the time the assessment orders are passed, the refund can be issued to the employer as the  tax has been borne by it [Circular No. 707 dated 11.07.1995].
4.11.2In respect of non-residents, the salary paid for services rendered in India shall be regarded  as  income earned  in  India. It has been specifically provided in the Act that  any salary  payable  for rest period or leave period which  is both preceded  or  succeeded by service in India and forms part of the service contract of employment will also be regarded as income earned in India.
5.  COMPUTATION OF INCOME UNDER THE HEAD “SALARIES”
5.1 INCOME CHARGEABLE UNDER THE HEAD “SALARIES”:
(1)  The  following  income  shall  be  chargeable  to income-tax under the head “Salaries”:
(a)  any  salary  due  from  an  employer  or  a  former  employer  to  an  assessee  in  the previous  year, whether paid or not;
(b) any salary paid or allowed to him in the previous year by or on behalf of an employer or a  former employer though not due or before  it became due to him.
(c)  any arrears of salary paid or allowed to him in the previous year by or on  behalf of an employer or a former employer, if not charged to income-tax for any earlier previous year.
(2) For the removal of doubts, it is clarified that where any salary paid in advance is included in the  total income  of any person for any previous year it shall not be included  again in the total income of the person when  the salary  becomes  due.
Any salary,  bonus,  commission  or remuneration, by whatever name called, due to, or received by, a partner of a firm from the firm shall not be regarded as “Salary”.
5.2 DEFINITION OF “SALARY”, “PERQUISITE” AND “PROFIT IN LIEU OF SALARY” (SECTION 17):
5.2.1  “Salary”  includes:-
i.  wages,fees,commissions, perquisites, profits in lieu of, or, in addition to salary, advance  of salary, annuity or pension, gratuity,  payments in respect  of  encashment of leave etc.
ii.  the portion of the annual accretion to the balance at the credit of the employee participating in a recognized provident fund as consists of {Rule 6 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule of  the Act}:
a) contributions made by the employer to the account of the employee in a recognized provident fund in  excess  of  12%  of the salary of the  employee, b) interest credited on the balance to the credit of the employee in so far as it is allowed at a rate exceeding such rate as may be fixed by Central Government. [w.e.f. 01-09-2010 rate is fixed at 9.5% - Notification No SO 1046(E) dated 13-
05-2011]
iii.  the contribution made by the Central Government or any other employer to the account of the employee under the New Pension Scheme as notified vide Notification F.N.
5/7/2003- ECB&PR dated 22.12.2003 (enclosed as Annexure VII) referred to in section 80CCD (para 5.5.3 of this Circular).
It may be noted that, since  salary  includes pension,tax  at  source would have to  be deducted from pension also, unless otherwise so required. However, no tax is required to be deducted from the commuted portion of pension to the extent  exempt under section 10 (10A).
Family Pension is chargeable to tax under head “Income from other sources” and not under the head “Salaries”. Therefore, provisions of section 192 of the Act are not applicable. Hence no TDS is required to be made on family pension.
5.2.2  Perquisite includes:
I. The value of rent free accommodation provided to the employee by his employer;
II.  The value of any concession in the matter of rent in respect of any accommodation provided to the employee by his employer;
III.  The value of any benefit or amenity granted or provided free of cost or at concessional rate in any of the following cases:
i)  By a company to an employee who is a director of such company;
ii)  By  a  company  to  an  employee  who  has  a  substantial  interest  in  the company;
iii)  By  an  employer  (including  a  company)to  an  employee,  who  is  not covered by (i) or (ii) above and whose income under the head “Salaries” (whether due from or paid or allowed by one or more employers), exclusive of the value of all benefits and amenities not provided by way of monetary payment, exceeds Rs.50,000/-.
[What constitutes concession in the matter of rent have been prescribed in Explanation 1 to 4 below 17(2)(ii) of the Act]
IV.  Any sum paid by the employer in respect of any obligation which would otherwise have been payable by the assessee.
V.  Any sum payable by the employer, whether directly or through a fund, other than a recognized provident fund or an approved superannuation fund or other specified funds u/s 17, to effect an assurance on the life of an assessee or to effect a contract for an annuity.
VI.  The value of any specified security or sweat equity shares allotted or transferred, directly or indirectly, by the employer, or former employer, free of cost or at concessional rate to the employee and for this purpose, .
(a)“specified security” means the securities as defined in section 2(h)  of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 and, where employees’ stock option has been granted under any plan or scheme therefor, includes the securities offered under such plan or scheme;
(b) “sweat equity shares” means equity shares issued by a company to its employees or directors at a discount or for consideration other than cash for providing know-how or making available rights in the nature of intellectual property rights or value additions, by whatever name called;
(c)the value of any specified security or sweat equity shares shall be the fair market value of the specified security or sweat equity shares, as the case may be, on the date on which the option is exercised by the assessee as reduced by the amount actually paid by, or recovered from the assessee in respect of such security or shares;
(d) “fair market value” means the value determined in accordance with the method as may be prescribed;
(e)“option” means a right but not an obligation granted to an employee to apply for the specified security or sweat equity shares at a predetermined price;
VII.  The amount of any contribution to an approved superannuation fund by the employer in respect of the assessee, to the extent it exceeds one lakh rupees; and
VIII  The value of any other fringe benefit or amenity as prescribed (in Rule 3).
5.2.2A Rules for valuation of such benefit or amenity as given in Rule 3  are as under:-
I. Residential Accommodation provided by the employer [Rule 3(1)]:-
“Accommodation” includes a house, flat, farm  house or part thereof , hotel  accommodation, motel,  service  apartment,  guest  house,  a  caravan,  mobile  home,  ship  or  other  floating structure.
A. For valuation  of  the perquisite of rent free unfurnished  accommodation, all employees are divided into two categories:
(i) For  employees of the Central and State governments the value  of  perquisite  shall be equal to  the  licence fee charged for such accommodation as reduced by the rent actually paid by the employee. Employees of autonomous, semi-autonomous institutions, PSUs/PSEs & subsidiaries, Universities, etc. are not covered under this provision.
(ii) For  all others, i.e., those salaried taxpayers not in employment of  the  Central government and  the  State government, the  valuation  of perquisite  in  respect  of accommodation  would be at prescribed rates, as discussed below:
a) Where the accommodation provided to the employee is owned by the employer:
Sl No Cities having population as  per  the  2001 census Perquisite
1
Exceeds 25 lakh
15% of  salary
2
Exceeds 10 lakhs but does not exceed 25 lakhs 10% of salary
3
For  other  places
7.5 % of salary
b) Where the accommodation so provided is taken on lease/ rent by the employer:
The prescribed rate is 15% of the salary or the actual amount of lease rental payable by the employer,  whichever  is  lower,  as  reduced  by  any  amount  of  rent  paid  by  the  employee. Meaning of ‘Salary ‘for the purpose of calculation of perquisite in respect of Residential Accommodation:
a. Basic Salary;
b. Dearness Allowance, or Dearness Pay if it enters into the computation of superannuation or retirement benefit of the employees;
c. Bonus ;
d. Commission ;
e. Fees ;
f. All other taxable allowances (excluding the portion not taxable ); and
g. Any monetary payment which is chargeable to tax (by whatever name called).
Salary from all employers shall be taken into consideration in respect of the period during which an accommodation is provided. Where on account of the transfer of an employee from one place to another, he is provided with accommodation at the new place of posting while retaining the accommodation at the other place, the value of perquisite shall be determined with reference to only one such accommodation which has the lower value for a period not exceeding 90 days and thereafter the value of perquisite shall be charged for both such accommodation.
B. Valuation of the perquisite of furnished accommodation, the value of perquisite as determined by the above method (in A) shall be increased by-
i) 10% of the cost of furniture, appliances and equipments, or
ii)  where the furniture, appliances and equipments have been taken on hire, by the amount of actual hire charges payable as reduced by any charges paid by the employee himself.
It is added that where the accommodation is provided by the Central Government or any State Government to an employee who is serving on deputation with any body or undertaking under the control of such Government,-
(i). the  employer  of  such  an  employee  shall  be  deemed  to  be  that  body  or undertaking where the employee is serving on deputation; and
(ii).  the  value  of  perquisite  of  such  an  accommodation  shall  be  the  amount calculated in accordance with Table in A(ii)(a) above, as if the accommodation is owned by the employer.
C.  Furnished Accommodation in a Hotel: The value of perquisite shall be determined on the basis of lower of the  following two:
1. 24% of salary paid or payable in respect of period during which the accommodation is provided; or
2.  Actual charges paid or payable by the employer to such hotel, for the period during which such accommodation is provided as reduced by any rent actually paid or payable by the employee.
However, nothing in C shall be taxable if following two conditions are satisfied :
1. The hotel accommodation is provided for a total period not exceeding in aggregate 15 days in a previous year, and
2.  Such accommodation is provided on an employee’s transfer from one  place to another place.
It may be clarified  that  while services provided as an integral part of the accommodation, need not be valued separately as perquisite, any  other services over and above  that  for which the employer makes payment or reimburses the employee  shall be valued as a perquisite as per the residual clause. In other  words, composite tariff for accommodation will be valued  as per the Rules and any other charges for  other facilities provided by the hotel will be separately valued under  the  residual clause.
D.  However, the value  of any accommodation  provided to  an employee  working  at  a mining site or  an on-shore  oil  exploration  site  or  a  project execution  site or a dam site or a power generation site  or  an off-shore site will  not be treated  as a perquisite if:
i) such accommodation should is located in a “remote area” or
ii)  where it is not located in a “remote area”, the accommodation should be of a temporary nature having plinth area of not more than 800 square feet and should not be located within 8 kilometers of the local limits of any municipality or cantonment board.
A project execution site here means a site of project up to the stage of its commissioning. A “remote area” means an area located at least 40 kilometers away from a town having a population not exceeding 20,000 as per the latest published all-India census.
II Perquisite on Motor car provided by the Employer [ Rule 3(2)]:
(1)If an employer provides motor car facility to his employee the value of such perquisite shall be:
a) Nil, if the motor car is used by the employee wholly and exclusively in the performance of his official duties.
b) Actual expenditure incurred by the employer on the running and maintenance of motor car including remuneration to chauffeur as increased by the amount representing normal wear and tear of the motor car and as reduced by any amount charged from the employee for such use (in case the motor car is exclusively for private or personal purposes of the employee or any member of his household).
c) Rs. 1800/- (plus Rs. 900/-, if chauffeur is also provided) per month (in case the motor car is used partly in performance of duties and partly for private or personal purposes of the employee or any member of his household if the expenses on maintenance and running of motor car are met or reimbursed by the employer). However, the value of perquisite will be Rs. 2400/-(plus Rs. 900/-, if chauffeur is also provided) per month if the cubic capacity of engine of the motor car exceeds 1.6 litres.
d) Rs. 600/- (plus Rs. 900/-, if chauffeur is also provided) per month (In case the motor car is used partly in performance of duties and partly for private or personal purposes of the employee or any member of his household if the expenses on maintenance and running of motor car for such private or personal use are fully met by the employee). However, the value of perquisite will be Rs. 900/- (plus Rs. 900/-, if chauffeur is also provided) per month if the cubic capacity of engine of the motor car exceeds 1.6 litres.
(2) If the motor car or any other automotive conveyance is owned by the employee but the actual running and maintenance charges are met or reimbursed by the employer, the method of valuation of perquisite value is different and as below:
a) where the motor car or any other automotive conveyance is owned by the employee but actual maintenance & running expenses (including chauffeur salary, if any) are met or reimbursed by the employer, no perquisite shall not be chargeable to tax if the car is used wholly and exclusively for official purposes. However following compliances are necessary:
¾  The employer has maintained complete details of the journey undertaken for official purposes;
¾  The  employer  gives  a  certificate  that  the  expenditure  was  incurred  wholly  for official duties.
However if the motor car is used partly for official or partly for private purposes then the amount of perquisite shall be the actual expenditure incurred by the employer as reduced by the amounts in c) & d) referred to in (1) above, as the case may be.
Normal wear and tear of the motor shall be taken at 10 % per annum of the actual cost of the motor car.
III  Personal  attendants  etc.  [Rule  3(3)]:  The  value  of  free  service  of  all  personal attendants including  a  sweeper, gardener and a watchman is to be  taken at actual  cost  to the  employer.Where  the  attendant  is provided  at the residence of the employee, full cost will be  taxed as  perquisite  in  the hands  of the employee irrespective  of the degree of personal service rendered to him. Any amount paid by the employee for such facilities or services shall be reduced from the above amount.
IV Gas, electricity & water for household consumption [Rule 3(4)]: The value of perquisite in the nature of gas, electricity and  water shall be the amount paid or payable by the Where  the supply is made from the employer’s own resources, the manufacturing  cost per unit incurred by the employer  would  be  taken  for  the  valuation  of  perquisite.  Any  amount  paid  by  the employee  for  such facilities or services shall be  reduced from the perquisite value.
V Free or concessional education [Rule 3(5)]:  Perquisite on account of free or concessional education for any member of the employee’s household shall be determined as the sum equal to the amount of expenditure incurred by the employer in that behalf. However, where such educational  institution itself is maintained and owned by the employer or where such free educational facilities are provided in any institution by  reason of his being in employment of that employer, the value of the perquisite to the employee shall be determined with reference to the cost of such education in a similar institution in or near the locality if the cost of such education or such benefit per child exceeds Rs.1000/- p.m. The value of perquisite shall be reduced by the amount, if any, paid or recovered from the employee.
VI Carriage of Passenger  Goods [Rule 3(6)]:  The value of any benefit or amenity resulting from the provision by an employer, who is engaged in the carriage of passengers or goods, to any employee or to any member of his household for personal or private journey free of cost or at concessional fare, in any conveyance owned, leased or made available by any other arrangement by such employer for the purpose of transport of passengers or goods shall be taken to be the value at which such benefit or amenity is offered by such employer to the public as reduced by the amount, if any, paid by or recovered from the employee for such benefit or amenity. This will not apply to the employees of any airline or the railways.
VII  Interest  free or concessional loans [Rule 3(7)(i)]: It  is  common practice, particularly in financial  institutions,  to provide  interest  free or  concessional  loans  to  employees  or  any member of his household.  The value of  perquisite arising from such loans would be the excess of interest  payable at  prescribed  interest rate over interest, if any, actually  paid  by  the employee or any member of his household.  The prescribed interest rate would  now be the rate charged per annum by the State Bank of India as on the 1st day of the relevant financial year in respect of loans of same type and for the same purpose advanced by it to the general
public. Perquisite value would be calculated on the basis of the maximum outstanding monthly  balance  method.  For  valuing  perquisites  under  this  rule,  any  other  method  of calculation and  adjustment otherwise adopted by the employer shall  not be relevant. However, small loans up to Rs. 20,000/- in the aggregate are exempt.
Loans for medical  treatment of diseases  specified in Rule 3A are  also exempt, provided the amount of loan for medical reimbursement is not reimbursed under any medical insurance scheme. Where any medical insurance reimbursement is received, the perquisite value at the prescribed rate shall be charged from the date of reimbursement on  the  amount reimbursed, but not repaid against the  outstanding loan taken specifically  for  this purpose.
VIII  Perquisite on account of travelling, touring, accommodation and any other expenses paid for or reimbursed by the employer for any holiday availed [Rule 3(7)(ii)]:
The  value  of  perquisite  on  account  of  travelling,  touring,  accommodation  and  any  other expenses paid for or reimbursed by the employer for any holiday availed of by the employee or any member of his household, other than leave travel concession (as per section 10(5) ), shall be the amount of the expenditure incurred by the employer in that behalf.
Where  such facility  is  maintained  by  the  employer,  and  is  not  available  uniformly  to all employees, the value of benefit shall be taken to be the value at which such facilities are offered by other agencies to the public. If a holiday facility is maintained by the employer and is available uniformly to all employees, the value of such benefit would be exempt.
Where the employee is on official tour and the expenses are incurred in respect of any member of his household accompanying him, the amount of expenditure with respect to the member of the household shall be a perquisite.
IX Value of Subsidized / Free food / non-alcoholic beverages  provided by employer to an employee[Rule 3(7)(iii)]:
Value of taxable perquisite is calculated as under:
Expenditure incurred by the employer on the value  of food / non-alcoholic beverages including‘paid vouchers which are not transferable and usable only at eating joints’ XXX Less: Fixed value of a sum of Rs. 50/- per meal  XXX Less: Amount recovered from the employee XXX XXX Balance amount is the taxable non- monetary perquisites on the  value of food provided to the employees XXX
Note : Exemption is given in following situations :
1. Tea / snacks provided in working hours.
2. Food & non-alcoholic beverages provided in working hours in remote area or in an offshore installation.
X Membership fees and Annual Fees [Rule 3(7)(v)]: Any membership fees and annual fees incurred by the employee (or any member of his household), which is charged to a credit card (including any add-on card)  provided by the employer, or otherwise, paid for or reimbursed by the employer is taxable on the following basis:
Amount of expenditure incurred by the employer  XXX Less : Expenditure on use for official purposes  XXX Less : Amount, if any, recovered from the employee XXX XXX Amount taxable as non- monetary perquisite  XXX
However if the amount is incurred wholly and exclusively for official purposes it will be exempt if the following conditions are fulfilled
i)  Complete  details  of  such  expense,  including  date  and  nature  of expenditure is maintained by the employer.
ii) Employer  gives  a  certificate  that  the  same  was  incurred  wholly  and exclusively for official purpose.
XI Club Expenditure [Rule 3(7)(vi)]:
Any annual or periodical fee for Club  facility and any expenditure in a club by the employee (or any member of his household), which is paid or reimbursed by the employer is taxable on the following basis:
Amount of expenditure incurred by the employer  XXX Less : Expenditure on use for official purposes XXX Less : Amount, if any, recovered from the employee XXX XXX Amount taxable as non- monetary perquisite  XXX
However if the amount is incurred wholly and exclusively for official purposes it will be exempt if the following conditions are fulfilled
i)  Complete  details  of  such  expense,  including date  and  nature of expenditure is maintained by the employer.
ii) Employer  gives  a  certificate  that  the  same  was  incurred  wholly  and exclusively for official purpose.
Note: 1) Health club, sport facilities etc. provided uniformly to all classes of employee by the employer at the employer’s premises and expenditure incurred on them are exempt.
2) The initial one-time deposits or fees for corporate or institutional membership, where benefit does not remain with a particular employee after cessation of employment are exempt. Initial fees / deposits, in such case, is not included.
XII Use  of  assets [Rule 3(7)(vii)]:  It is common practice for a movable  asset (other than those referred in other sub rules of rule 3) owned by the employer to be used by the employee or any member of his household. This perquisite  is  to  be  charged at the rate of
10% of the original cost of the asset as reduced by any charges are covered from the employee for such  use. However, the use of Computers and Laptops would not give rise to any perquisite.
XIII Transfer  of assets [Rule 3(7)(viii)]:  Often an employee or member of his household benefits from the transfer of movable asset (not being  shares or securities) at no cost or at a cost less than its  market  value from the employer. The  difference between the original cost of the movable asset (not  being shares or securities) and the sum, if any, paid by the employee, shall  be taken as the value of perquisite. In case of a movable asset, which has already been put to use, the original cost shall be reduced by a sum of 10% of such original cost for every completed year of use of the asset. Owing to a higher degree of obsolescence, in case of computers and electronic gadgets, however, the value of perquisite shall be worked out by reducing 50% of  the actual cost by the reducingbalance  method  for  each  completed  year ofuse.Electronic gadgets inthis case means datastorageandhandlingdeviceslike computer, digitaldiaries and printers. They do not include household appliance (i.e. white goods) like washing machines, microwave ovens, mixers, hot plates, ovens etc. Similarly, in case of  cars, the value of perquisite shall be worked out by reducing 20%  of its actual cost by the reducing  balance  method for each completed year of use.
XIV Gifts [Rule 3(7)(iv)]:
The value of any gift or vouchers or token in lieu of which such gift may be received, given by the employer to the employee or member of his household, is taxable as perquisite. However gift, etc  less than Rs. 5,000 in aggregate per annum would be exempt.
XV Transfer Grant Allowance:
In this connection it is to be noted that as per sec.10(14) read with rule 2BB any allowance granted to meet the cost of travel on tour or on transfer includes any sum paid in connection with transfer, packing and transportation of personal effects on such transfer shall be exempt. Also any allowance, whether, granted for the period of journey in connection with transfer, to meet the ordinary daily charges incurred by an employee on account of absence from his normal place of duty shall be exempt.
XVI  Leave Travel Concession (LTC):
The following are the important points, to be taken into consideration, for claiming exemption u/s 10(5) of the Act read with Rule 2B of the Rules:
1. Definition – Value of LTC received by or due to an individual from his present or previous employer, as the case may be, for himself and his family in connection with his proceeding  on leave  to any place in India or to any place in India after retirement or termination from/of service.
2. Number of Trips – The exemption shall be available in respect of 2 journeys performed in the block of 4 calendar years.
• Without performing any journey and incurring expenses thereon, no exemption can be claimed.
• The quantum of exemption will be subject to the following maximum limits for journeys performed on or after 01.10.1997:
Sl
No
Journey Performed by
Exemption Limit
1 Air Air Economy fare of the national carrier (Air India) by the shortest route to the place of destination
2 Places  connected  by  rail and journey performed by any mode other than by air. First Class Air conditioned rail fare by the shortest route to the place of destination
3 Place of origin and destination or part thereof  not  connected  by rail. a)  Where  public  transport  system  exists,  first  class  or deluxe class fare on such transport by the shortest route to the place of destination.b) Where no public transport system exists, first class A/C rail fare, for the distance of the journey by the shortest route, as if the journey has been performed by rail
o This exemption is limited to the  actual expenses incurred on the journey which in turn is strictly limited to expenses on air fare, rail fare and bus fare only. No other expenses like local conveyance, sight-seeing expense etc., shall qualify for exemption.
o Where the journey is performed in a circuitous route, the exemption is limited to what is admissible by the shortest route. Likewise, where the journey is performed in a circular form touching different places, the exemption is limited to what is admissible for the journey from the place of origin to the farthest point reached in India, by the shortest route.
•  Restriction on children – The exemption will not be available to more than 2 surviving children of an individual born after 01.10.1998. This restriction shall not apply in respect of children born before 01.10.1998 and also in case of multiple births after one child. It may be noted that section 2 (15B) of the Act defines a child as includes a step child and an adopted child of the individual.
• Definition of Family – As per the provisions of the Rules, family means:
o Spouse and children of the individual.
o Parents,  brothers  and  sisters  who  are  wholly  or  mainly dependent on the individual.
•  Foreign Travel – As per the provisions of the Rules, exemption is not allowable in case of travel abroad.
•  Obligation of the employer –The employer has to satisfy the obligation that leave travel (fare) concession is not taxable in view of section 10(5) the employer is not only required to be satisfied about the provisions of the said clause but also to keep and preserve evidence in support thereof.
Some important points to be considered are as under:
1. It is uniform for all employees
2. Where an employee does not avail LTC, either one or on both the occasions during the block of 4 calendar years, the value of LTC first availed during the first calendar year of the immediately succeeding block shall be eligible for exemption in lieu of exemption not availed during the preceding block Only one trip can be carried forward to be availed in the immediately succeeding block.
3. Quantum of Exemption – The basic rule is that quantum of exemption will be limited to the actual expense incurred on the journey.
Any Leave encashed for the purpose of Leave travel or home travel concession is  taxable.
XVII Medical Reimbursement by the employer exceeding Rs. 15,000/- p.a. u/s 17(2) is to be taken as perquisite.
It is further clarified that the rule position regarding valuation of perquisites are given at section 17(2) of the Act and in rule 3 of the Rules. The deductors may look into the above provisions carefully before they determine the perquisite value for deduction purposes.
It is pertinent to mention that benefits specifically exempt u/s 10(13A), 10(5), 10(14), 17 etc. of the Act would continue to be exempt. These include benefits like house rent allowance, leave travel concession, travel on tour and transfer, daily allowance to meet tour expenses as prescribed, medical facilities  subject to conditions.
5.2.3 ‘Profits in lieu  of salary’ shall include
I.  the amount of any compensation due to or received by an assessee from his employer or former employer at or in connection with the termination of his employment or the modification of the terms and conditions relating thereto;
II.  any payment (other than any payment referred to in clauses (10), (10A), (10B), (11), (12) (13) or (13A) of section 10due to or received by an assessee from an employer or a former employer or from a provident or other fund, to the extent to which it does not consist of contributions by the assessee or interest on such contributions or any sum received under a Keyman insurance policy including the sum allocated by way of bonus on such policy.
“Keyman insurance policy” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in section 10(10D);
III.  any amount due to or received, whether in lump sum or otherwise, by any assessee from any person—
(A)  before his joining any employment with that person; or
(B)  after cessation of his employment with that person.
5.3 INCOMES NOT INCLUDED UNDER THE HEAD “SALARIES”(EXEMPTIONS)
Any income falling within any of the following clauses shall not be included in computing the income from salaries for the purpose of section 192 of the Act:-
5.3.1 The value of any travel  concessionor  assistance  received by or due to an  employee from his employer or former employer for himself and his family, in connection with his proceeding (a) on leave to any place in India or (b) after retirement from service, or, after termination  of  service  to any place in India is exempt under Section 10(5) subject, however, to the  conditions prescribed in Rule 2B of the Rules.
For the purpose of this clause, “family” in relation to an individual means:
(i)  the spouse and children of the individual;  and
(ii) the parents, brothers and sisters of the individual or any of them, wholly or mainly dependent on the individual.
It may also be noted that the amount exempt under this clause  shall  in  no case exceed the amount  of  expenses actually incurred for the purpose of such travel.
5.3.2 Death-cum-retirement  gratuity or any other gratuity is exempt to the extent  specified from inclusion in computing the total income under Section 10(10). Any death-cum-retirement gratuity received under the revised Pension Rules of the Central Government or, as the case may be, the Central Civil Services (Pension) Rules, 1972, or under any similar scheme applicable to the members of the civil services of the Union or holders of posts connected with defence or of civil posts under the Union (such members or holders being persons not governed by the said Rules) or to the members of the all-India services or to the members of the civil services of a State or holders of civil posts under a State or to the employees of a local authority or any payment of retiring gratuity received under the Pension Code or Regulations applicable to the members of the defence service. Gratuity received in cases other than those mentioned above, on retirement, termination etc is exempt up to the limit as prescribed by the Board. Presently the limit is Rs. 10 lakhs w.e.f. 24.05.2010 [Notification no. 43/2010 S.O. 1414(E) F.No. 200/33/2009-ITA-1 dated 11th June 2010].
5.3.3  Any payment in commutation of pension received underthe Civil Pensions (Commutation) Rules of the Central Government or under any similar scheme applicable  to the members of the civil services of the Union or holders of posts connected with defence or of civil posts under the Union (such members or holders being persons not governed by the said Rules) or to the members of the all- India services or to the members of the defence services or to the members of the civil services of a State or holders of civil posts under a State or to the employees of a local authority] or a corporation established by a Central, State or Provincial Act, is exempt under Section10(10A)(i). As regards payments in commutation of pension received under any schemeofany other employer, exemption will be governed by the provisions of section 10(10A)(ii). Also, any payment in commutation of pension from a fund referred to in Section 10(23AAB) is exempt under Section 10(10A)(iii).
5.3.4  Any payment received by an employee of the Central Government or a State Government, as cash-equivalent of the leave salary in respect of the period of earned leave at his credit at the time of his retirement, whether on superannuation or otherwise, is exempt under Section 10(10AA)(i).  In the case of other employees, this exemption will be determined with reference to the leave to their credit at the time of retirement on superannuation or otherwise, subject  to a maximum of ten months’ leave. This exemption will be  further limited to  the  maximum amount  specified by the Government of India Notification No.S.O.588(E) dated 31.05.2002 at Rs. 3,00,000/- in relation to such employees who retire, whether on superannuation or otherwise, after 1.4.1998.
5.3.5 Under Section 10(10B), the retrenchment compensation  received by a workman is exempt from income-tax subject to certain limits. The maximum amount of retrenchment compensation exempt is the sum calculated on the basis provided in section 25F(b) of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 oranyamount not less than Rs.50,000/- as the Central Government  may  bynotification  specify  in  the Official  Gazette, whichever is less.  These limits shall not apply in  the  case where the compensation is paid under  any scheme  which  is approved  in this behalf  by  the  CentralGovernment,  having regard to the need for extending special protection  to  the workmen in the undertaking to  which  the scheme applies and other relevant circumstances. The maximum limit of such payment is Rs. 5,00,000/- where retrenchment is on or after 1.1.1997 as specified in Notification No. 1096 of 25-06-1999.
5.3.6Under Section 10(10C), any payment received or receivable (even if received in installments) by an employee ofthefollowing bodies atthetimeofhis voluntary retirement or termination of his service, in accordance with any scheme or schemes of voluntary retirement or in the case of public sector company, a scheme of voluntary separation, is exempt from income-tax to the  extent  that such amount does not exceed Rs.
5,00,000/-:
a)  A public sector company;
b)  Any other company;
c)  An Authority established under a Central, State or Provincial Act;
d)  A Local Authority;
e)  A Cooperative Society;
f) A university established or incorporated or under a Central, State or Provincial Act, or, an Institution declared to be a University under section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956;
g)  Any Indian Institute of Technology within the meaning of Section 3 (g) of  the Institute of Technology Act, 1961;
h) SuchInstituteofManagementasthe CentralGovernment may by notification in the  Official  Gazette,  specify in  this behalf.
The exemption  of  amount  received  under  VRS  has been extended  to  employees  of  the Central Government and State Government and employees of notified institutions having importance throughout India or any State or States. It may also be noted that where this exemption has been allowed to any employee for any assessment year, it shall not be allowed to  him  for  any  other  assessment  year. Further, if relief has been allowed under section 89 for any assessment year in respect of amount received on voluntary retirement or superannuation, no exemption under section 10(10C) shall be available.
5.3.7 Any sum received under a Life Insurance Policy (Sec 10(10D), including the sum allocated by way of bonus on such policy other  than the following is exempt under section 10(10D):
i) any  sum received under section 80DD(3) or section 80DDA(3);  or
ii) any sum received under a Keyman insurance policy; or
iii) any sum received under an insurance policy issued on or after 1.4.2003, but on or before 31-03-2012, in respect of which the premium payable for any of the years during the term of the policy exceeds 20 percent of the actual capital sum assured; or
iv) any sum received under an insurance policy issued on or after 1.4.2012 in respect of which the premium payable for any of the years during the term of the policy exceeds 10 percent of the actual capital sum assured; or
iv) any sum received under an insurance policy issued on or after 1.4.2013. In cases of persons with disability or person with severe disability as per Sec 80 U or suffering from disease or ailment as specified in Sec 80DDB, in respect of which the premium payable for any of the years during the term of the policy exceeds 15 percent of the actual capital sum assured
However, any sum received under such policy referred to in (iii), (iv) and (v) above, on the death of a person would be exempt.
5.3.8  Anypayment from a Provident Fund to which the Provident Funds Act, 1925, applies or from any other  provident fund set up by the Central  Government and notified by it in the Official Gazette is exempt under section 10(11).
5.3.9  Under section 10(13A) of the Act, any specialallowance specifically granted to an assessee by his  employer to meet expenditure incurred on payment of rent (by  whatever name called) in respect of  residential  accommodation  occupied  by  the assessee  is  exempt from Income-tax  to  the  extent as may  be  prescribed,  having  regard  to the area or place in which such accommodation is situated and other relevant considerations.  According  to  Rule
2A  of  the  Rules,  the  quantum  of exemptionallowable  on  account  of  grant of special allowance to meet expenditure on payment of rent shall be the least of the following:
(a)  The actual amount of such allowance received by the assessee in respect of the relevant period i. e. the period during which the accommodation was occupied by the assesse during the financial year;  or
(b) The actual expenditure incurred in payment of rent in  excess  of  1/10  of the salary  due  for  the relevant period; or
(i) Where  such  accommodation is situated in  Bombay, Calcutta,  Delhi or Madras, 50% of the salary  due to the employee for the relevant period;  or
(ii) Where  such accommodation is situated in any other places,  40% of the salary due to the employee  for the relevant period,
For this purpose, “Salary” includes dearness allowance, if the terms of employment so provide, but excludes all other  allowances and perquisites.
It  has to be noted that only the expenditure  actually incurred  on  payment  of rent in  respect of  residential  accommodation  occupied  by  the assessee  subject  to  the limits laid down in Rule 2A, qualifies for exemption  from income-tax. Thus,  house  rent allowance  granted  to an employee  who  is residing in a house/flat owned by him  is not exempt from  income-tax. The  disbursing authorities should satisfy themselves in this regard by insisting on production of  evidence of actual payment of  rent  before excluding  the House Rent Allowance or any portion  thereof from the total income of the employee.
Though  incurring actual expenditure on payment of rent is apre-requisitefor claiming deduction  under  section  10(13A),  it  has  been  decided  as  an  administrative  measure  that salaried employees drawing house rent allowance  upto Rs.3000/-  per  month will be exempted from  production  of rent  receipt. It  may,  however, be  noted  that  this concession  is  only for the purpose of  tax-deduction  at source, and, in the regular assessment of the employee, the Assessing Officer will be free to make such enquiry as he deemsfitfor the purpose of satisfying himself that  the employee  has  incurred  actual expenditure on payment  of  rent.
Further if annual rent paid by the employee exceeds Rs 1,00,000 per annum, it is mandatory for the employee to report PAN of the landlord to the employer. In case the landlord does not have a PAN, a declaration to this effect from the landlord along with  the name and address of the landlord should be filed by the employee.
5.3.10 Section 10(14)  provides for exemption of the following allowances:-
(i)  Any special  allowance  or benefit granted  to  an employee  to  meet  the expenses wholly, necessarily and exclusively incurred  in  the performance of his duties as prescribed under Rule 2BB  subject to the extent to which such  expenses are actually incurred for that purpose.
(ii) Any  allowance  granted to an employee  either  to meet  his  personal expenses at the place  of  his posting  or at the place he ordinarily resides  or to  compensate  him  for the  increased  cost  of living, which may be prescribed and to the extent as may be prescribed.
However, the allowance referred to in (ii) above should not be in the nature of a personal allowance granted to the assessee  to remunerate or compensate him  for performing duties  of a  special  nature relating to  his  office  or  employment unless such allowance is related to his place of posting or residence.
The  CBDT has prescribed guidelines for the purpose  of Section 10(14) (i) & 10 (14) (ii)  vide notification No.SO 617(E) dated 7th July, 1995 (F.No.142/9/95-TPL)which has been amended vide  notification  SO  No.403(E)  dt  24.4.2000  (F.No.142/34/99-TPL).  The  transport allowance granted  to  an  employee to meet his expenditure  for  the purpose of commuting between the place of his residence and the place  of  duty is exempt to the extent of  Rs.800 p. m. or Rs1600 p.m (for a blind person) vide  notification  S.O.No. 395(E) dated  13.5.98.
5.3.11Under Section 10(15)(iv)(i) of the Act, interest  payable by the Government on deposits made by  an employee of the Central Government or a State Government or a public  sector company  out  of  his  retirement benefits,  in  accordance with such scheme framed  in  this behalf  by  the  Central  Government and  notified  in  the  OfficialGazetteis  exempt  from income-tax. By notification No.F.2/14/89-NS-II dated 7.6.89, as amended by notification No.F.2/14/89-NS-II dated 12.10.89, the Central Government has notified a scheme called Deposit Scheme for Retiring Government Employees, 1989 for the purpose of the said clause.
5.3.12 Any scholarship granted to meet the cost of education is not to be included in total income as per provisions of section 10(16) of the Act.
5.3.13 Section 10(18) provides for exemption of any income by way of pension received by an individual who has  been  in the service  of  the  Central Government or State Government and has been awarded “Param Vir Chakra” or “Maha Vir Chakra” or “Vir Chakra” or  such other gallantry  award as may be specifically notified by the Central  Government. Family pension received by any member of the family of such individual is also exempt [Notifications No.S.O.1948(E) dated 24.11.2000 and 81(E) dated 29.1.2001, which are enclosed as per Annexure VIII & IX]. “Family” for this purpose shall have the meaning assigned to it in Section 10(5) of the Act.
DDO may not deduct any tax in the case of recipients of such awards after satisfying himself about the veracity of the claim.
5.3.14 Under  Section 17 of the Act, exemption from tax will also be available in respect of:-
(a)  the  value  of  any medical treatment provided  to  an  employee  or any member of his family, in any hospital maintained by the employer;
(b) any  sum  paid  by  the employer  in  respect  of  any expenditure actually incurred by the employee on  his medical treatment or of any member of his family:
(i)  in any hospital maintained by the Government or any local  authority or any other hospital approved  by theGovernment  for  the purposes  ofmedical treatment of its employees;
ii) in respect of the prescribed diseases or ailments as  provided in Rule  3A(2) of the Rules  in any hospital  approved  by  the  Chief Commissioner having  regard  to  the prescribed guidelines as provided in Rule 3(A)(1)of the Rules.
(c)  premium  paid  by the employer in respect  of  medical insurance taken for his employees (under anyscheme approved by the Central Government or Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority) or  reimbursement of insurance premium to the employees who take medical insurance  for themselves or for their family  members (under any scheme approved by the Central Government or Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority);
(d) reimbursement, by the employer, of the amount spent by an employee in obtaining medical treatment for himself or  any  member  of his family from  any  doctor, not exceeding in the aggregate Rs.15,000/- in an year.
(e) As  regards  medical  treatment abroad,  the  actual expenditure  on  stay  and  treatment abroad  of  the  employee  or  any  member of his family, or,  on  stay abroad  of one attendant who accompanies the patient, in connection with such treatment, will beexcluded from perquisites  to  the  extent  permitted  by  the Reserve Bank of India. It may be noted that  the expenditure incurred on travel abroad by the patient/attendant, shall be excluded from perquisites  only  if  the  employee’s  gross  total  income, as  computed  before including  the said expenditure, does not exceed  Rs.2 lakhs.
For  the  purpose  ofavailing  exemption  on expenditure incurred on medical treatment, “hospital” includes a dispensary or clinic or nursing home, and  ”family” in relation to an individual  means  the  spouse  and  children  of  the individual.Family  also  includes parents,  brothers  and  sisters  of  the  individual  if they are  wholly  or  mainlydependent on the individual.
5.4 DEDUCTIONS U/S 16 OF THE ACT FROM THE INCOME FROM SALARIES
5.4.1  Entertainment Allowance [Section 16(ii)]:
A deduction is  also  allowed under  section  16(ii)in respect of any allowance in the nature of an entertainmentallowance  specificallygranted by an employer to the assessee, who is in receipt of a salary from the Government, asum  equal  toone-fifth  of  his  salary(exclusive of  any  allowance, benefit  orother perquisite) or five thousand rupees whichever is less. No deduction  on account of entertainment allowance is available to non-government  employees.
5.4.2  Tax on Employment [Section 16(iii)]:
The tax on employment (Professional Tax) within the meaning of article 276(2)of the Constitution of India, leviable by or  under  any  law,  shall also be allowed as a  deduction  in computing the income under the head “Salaries”.
It may be clarified that “Standard Deduction” from gross salary income, which was being allowed  up  to  financial  year  2004-05  is  not  allowable  from  financial  year  2005-06 onwards.
5.5  DEDUCTIONS UNDER CHAPTER VI-A OF THE ACT
In computing the taxable income of the employee, the  following deductions under Chapter VI- A of the Act are to be allowed from his gross total income:
5.5.1  Deduction in respect of Life insurance premia, deferred annuity, contributions to provident fund, subscription to certain equity shares or debentures, etc. (section 80C)
A.  Section 80C, entitles an employee to deductions for the whole of amounts paid or deposited  in  the  current  financial  year  in  the  following  schemes, subject  to  a  limit  of Rs.1,00,000/-:
(1)  Payment of insurance premium to effect or to  keep in force  an  insurance on the life of the individual, the spouse or any child of the individual.
(2)  Any  payment made to effect or to keep in force  a  contract for a deferred annuity, not being an annuity plans is referred to in item (7) herein below on the lifeof the individual,  the  spouse or any child  of  the individual, provided that such contract does not contain a provision for the exercise by the insured of an option to receive a cash payment  in lieu of the  payment  of  the annuity;
(3)  Any sum deducted from the salary payable by, or, on  behalf  of  the Government to any individual, being  a  sum deducted  in accordance with the conditions of his  service for the purpose  of securing to him a deferred annuity or making provision for his spouse or children, in so far as the sum deducted does not exceed 1/5th of the salary;
(4) Any contribution made:
(a) by an individual to any Provident Fund to which the Provident Fund Act, 1925 applies;
(b) to  any  provident  fund  set  up  by  the  Central Government, and notified by it in this behalf  in the Official Gazette, where such contribution is to an  account standing in the name of an individual, or spouse or children;
[The  Central  Government  has  since  notified  Public  Provident  Fund  vide Notification S.O. No. 1559(E) dated 3.11.05]
(c) by an employee to a Recognized Provident Fund;
(d) by an employee to an approved superannuation fund;
It  may be noted that “contribution” to any Fund  shall not include any sums in repayment of loan or advance;
(5) Any subscription:-
(a) to  any such security of the Central Government or  any  such deposit scheme as the Central  Government may, by  notification  in  the  Official  Gazette, specify in this behalf;
(b) to any such saving certificates as defined  under section  2(c) of the Government Saving Certificate Act, 1959 as the Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette,  specify  in  this  behalf.
[The  Central  Government  has  since  notified  National  Saving  Certificate (VIIIth Issue) vide Notification S.O. No. 1560(E) dated 3.11.05and National Saving Certificate (IXth Issue) vide Notification . G.S.R. 848 (E), dated the 29thNovember, 2011, publishing the National Savings Certificates (IX-Issue) Rules, 2011 G.S.R.  868 (E),  dated  the  7th  December,  2011,  specifying  the National Savings Certificates IX Issue as the class of Savings CertificatesF No1-13/2011-NS-II r/w amendment Notification No.GSR 319(E), dated 25-4-2012
]
(6)  Any  sum  paid as contribution in the case  of  an individual, for himself, spouse or any child,
a.for  participation  in the Unit  Linked  Insurance  Plan, 1971 of the Unit Trust of India;
b. for  participation  in any  unit-linked  insurance  plan  of  the  LIC  Mutual Fund  referred  to  section  10  (23D)  and  as  notified  by  the  Central Government.
[The Central Government has since notified Unit Linked Insurance Plan (formerly known as Dhanraksha, 1989) of LIC Mutual Fund vide Notification S.O. No. 1561(E) dated
3.11.05.]
(7)  Any subscription made to effect or keep in force a contract for such annuity plan of  the Life Insurance Corporation or any other insurer as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify;
[The Central Government has since notified New Jeevan Dhara, New Jeevan Dhara-I, New Jeevan Akshay, New Jeevan Akshay-I and New Jeevan Akshay-II vide Notification S.O. No. 1562(E) dated 3.11.05 and Jeevan Akshay-III vide Notification S.O. No. 847(E) dated 1.6.2006 ]
(8) Any subscription made to any units of any Mutual Fund, of section 10(23D), or from  the Administrator or the specified company referred to in Unit Trust of India (Transfer of Undertaking & Repeal) Act, 2002 under  any  plan formulated  in  accordance with any scheme as  the  Central Government,  may, by notification in the Official  Gazette, specify in this behalf;
[The Central Government has since notified the Equity Linked Saving Scheme, 2005 for this purpose vide Notification S.O. No. 1563(E) dated 3.11.2005]
The investments made after 1.4.2006 in plans formulated in accordance with Equity Linked Saving Scheme, 1992 or Equity Linked Saving Scheme, 1998 shall also qualify for deduction under section 80C.
(9)Any  contribution made by an individual to  any  pension  fund  set  up by any Mutual Fund  referred to in  section 10(23D), or, by the Administrator or the specified company defined in  Unit  Trust  of  India  (Transfer  of  Undertaking  &  Repeal)  Act,  2002,  as  the  Central Government  may,  by notification in  the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;
[The Central Government has since notified the Equity Linked Saving Scheme, 2005 for this purpose vide Notification S.O. No. 1563(E) dated 3.11.2005]
(10)  Any subscription made to any such deposit  scheme of, or,  any contribution made to any such pension fund set  up by, the National Housing Bank, as the Central Government may,  by notification in the Official Gazette, specify  in this behalf;
(11) Any subscription made to any such deposit  scheme, as the Central Government  may,  by notification in the Official  Gazette, specify  for  the  purpose of being floated by  (a)  public sector companies  engaged  in  providing  long-term finance  for  construction  or  purchase  of houses in India for residential purposes,  or, (b) any authority constituted in India  by,or, under any  law,  enacted  either for  the  purpose  of  dealing with and  satisfying the  need  for housing  accommodation or for the purpose of planning,development or improvement of cities, towns and villages, or for both.
[The Central Government has since notified the Public Deposit Scheme of HUDCO vide Notification S.O.No.37(E),dated11.01.2007,for the purposes of Section 80C(2)(xvi)(a)].
(12)  Any sums paid by an assessee for the purpose of purchaseor construction of a residential house property, the income from which is chargeable to tax under thehead “Income from house property” (or which would, if it has not been used  for  assessee’s own residence,  have been chargeable to tax under that head) where such payments are made towards or by way of any instalment or part payment of the amount due under any self- financing or other scheme of any Development Authority,  Housing Board  etc.
The deduction will also be allowable in respect of re-payment of loans borrowed by an assessee from the Government,  or any bank or Life Insurance Corporation, or National Housing Bank,  or certain other categories of institutions  engaged in the business  of  providing long term  finance  for construction or purchase of houses in India.  Any repayment of loan borrowed from the employer will also be covered, if the employer happens to be a public company, or a public sector company,  or  a university established by law, or  a  college affiliated  to  such university, or a local authority, or a  cooperative society, or an authority, or a board, or a corporation, or any other body established under a Central or State Act.
The stamp duty, registration fee and other expenses incurred for the purpose of transfer  shall also  be  covered.Payment  towards  the  cost  of  house property,  however, will not include, admission fee or cost of share  or initial deposit or the cost of any addition or alteration  to,  or, renovation  or repair  of  the  house property  which  is  carried  out after the  issue  of  the completion certificate by competent authority, or after the occupation of the house by the assessee or after  it  has been  let out.  Payments towards any expenditure in respect of which the deduction is allowable under the provisions of  section  24 of the Act will also not be included in payments towards the cost of purchase or construction of a house property.
Where the house property in respect of which deduction has been allowed under these provisions is transferred  by the tax-payer at any time before the expiry of five  years from the end of the financial year in  which possession  of  such  property  is obtained by  him  or  he receives back,  by  way of refund or  otherwise,  any  sum specified in section 80C(2)(xviii), no deduction  under  these  provisions  shall  be  allowed  in  respect  of  such  sums  paid  in  such previous  year in which the transfer is made and  the aggregate amount of deductions of income so allowed in the earlier years shall be added to the total income of the assessee of such previous year and shall be liable to tax accordingly.
(13) Tuition fees, whether at the time of admission or thereafter, paid to any university, college, school or other educational institution situated in India, for the purpose of full-time education of any two children of the employee.
Full-time education includes any educational course offered by any university, college, school or other educational institution to a student who is enrolled full-time for the said course. It is also clarified that full-time education includes play-school activities, pre- nursery and nursery classes.
It is clarified that the amount allowable as tuition fees shall include any payment of fee to any university, college, school or other educational institution in India except the amount representing payment in the nature of development fees or donation or capitation fees or payment of similar nature.
(14)  Subscription  to  equity shares  or  debentures forming  part of any eligible issue of capital made by a public company, which is approved by the Board or by any public finance institution.
(15)  Subscription  to  any units of  any  mutual  fund referred  to in clause (23D) of Section 10 and approved  by the Board, if the amount of subscription to such units is subscribed only in eligible issue of capital of any company.
(16) Investment as a term deposit for a fixed period of not less than five years with a scheduled bank, which is in accordance with a scheme framed and notified by the Central Government, in the Official Gazette for these purposes.
[The Central Government has since notified the Bank Term Deposit Scheme, 2006 for this purpose vide Notification S.O. No. 1220(E) dated 28.7.2006]
(17)  Subscription  to  such  bonds  issued  by  the  National  Bank  for Agriculture and Rural Development, as the Central Government may, by such notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.
(18) Any investment in an account under the Senior Citizens Savings Scheme Rules, 2004.
(19) Any investment as five year time deposit in an account under the Post Office Time Deposit Rules, 1981.
B.  Section 80C(3) & 80C(3A) states that in case of Insurance Policy other than contract for a deferred annuity the amount of any premium or other payment made is restricted to:
Policy issued before 1st April 2012 20% of the actual capital sum assured
Policy issued on or after 1st April 2012 10% of the actual capital sum assured
Policy issued on or after 1st April 2013 * – In cases of
persons with disability or person with severe disability as per Sec 80 U or suffering from disease or ailment as specified in Sec 80DDB
15% of the actual capital sum assured
*Introduced by Finance Act 2013
Actual capital sum assured in relation to a life insurance policy means the minimum  amount assured under the policy on happening of the insured event at any time during the term of the policy, not taking into account –
i.  the value of any premium agreed to be returned, or
ii.  any benefit by way of bonus or otherwise over and above the sum actually assured which may be received under the policy by any person.
5.5.2 Deduction in respect of contribution to certain pension funds (Section 80CCC)
Section 80CCC allows an employee deduction of an amount paid or deposited out of his income chargeable to tax to  effect  or keep  in  force  a contract for any annuity  plan of  Life Insurance  Corporation of India or any other  insurer  for  receiving  pension  from  the Fund referred to in section 10(23AAB). However, the deduction shall exclude interest or bonus accrued or credited to the employee’s account, if any and shall not exceed Rs. 1 lakh.
However, if any amount is standing to the credit of the employee in the fund referred to above and deduction has been allowed as stated above and the employee or his nominee receives this amount together with the interest or bonus accrued or credited to this account due to the reason of
(i) Surrender of annuity plan whether in whole or part
(ii) Pension received from the annuity plan
then the amount so received during the Financial Year shall be the income of the employee or his nominee for that Financial Year and accordingly will be charged to tax.
Where any amount paid or deposited by the employee has been taken into account for the purposes of this section, a deduction  with reference to such amount shall not be  allowed under section 80C.
5.5.3 Deduction in respect of contribution to pension scheme of Central Government(Section 80CCD):
Section 80CCD(1) allows anemployee, being an individual employed by the Central Government  or any other employer, on or after the 01.01.2004, a  deduction of an amount paid or deposited out of his income chargeable to tax under a pension scheme as notified vide Notification F. N. 5/7/2003- ECB&PR dated 22.12.2003 or as may be notifed by the Central Government. However, the deduction shall not exceed an amount equal to 10% of his salary(includes Dearness Allowance but excludes all other allowance and perquisites).
As per Section 80CCD(2), where an employee receives any contribution in the said pension scheme  from the  Central  Government  or  any  other  employer  then  the  employee  shall  be allowed a deduction from his total income of the whole amount contributed by the Central Government or any other employer subject to limit of 10% of his salary of the previous year.
However, if any amount is standing to the credit of the employee in the pension scheme referred  above  and  deduction  has  been  allowed  as  stated  above  and  the  employee  or  his nominee receives this amount together with the amount  accrued thereon, due to the reason of
(i) Closure or opting out of the pension scheme or
(ii)  Pension received from the annuity plan purchased and taken on such closure or opting out
then the amount so received during the FYs shall be the income ofthe employee or his nominee for that Financial Year and accordingly will be charged to tax.
Where any amount paid or deposited by the employee has been taken into account for the purposes of this section, a deduction  with reference to such amount shall not be  allowed under section 80C.
Further it has been specified that w.e.f 01.04.09 that any amount received by the employee from the new pension scheme shall be deemed not to have received in the previous year if such amount is used for purchasing an annuity plan in the previous year.
It is emphasized that as per the section 80CCE the aggregate amount of deduction under sections 80C, 80CCC and Section 80CCD(1) shall not exceed Rs.1,00,000/-. However the contribution made by the Central Government or any other employer to a pension scheme u/s 80CCD(2) shall be excluded from the limit of Rs.1,00,000/- provided under this Section.
5.5.4  Deduction in respect of investment made under an equity savings scheme (Section
80 CCG):
Newly inserted Section 80CCG provides deduction wef assessment year 2013-14 in respect of investment made under notified equity saving scheme. Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Scheme 2012 has been notified vide SO No 2777  dated 23.11.2012 as a scheme under this section. The deduction under this section is available if following conditions are satisfied:
(a) The assessee is a resident individual
(b)  His gross total income does not exceed Rs. 12 lakhs;
(c)  He has acquired listed shares in accordance with a notified scheme or listed units of an equity oriented fund as defined in section 10(38);
(d)  The assessee is a new retail investor;
(e)  The investment is locked-in for a period of 3 years from the date of acquisition in accordance with the above scheme;
(f) The assessee satisfies any other condition as may be prescribed.
Amount of deduction –The amount of deduction is at 50% of amount invested in equity shares/units. However, the amount of deduction under this provision cannot exceed Rs. 25,000.
Withdrawal of deduction – If the assessee, after claiming the aforesaid deduction, fails to satisfy the above conditions, the deduction originally allowed shall be deemed to be the income of the assessee of the year in which default is committed.
This deduction is now allowed for three consecutive assessment years beginning with the AY in which the listed equity shares or units were first acquired. If any deduction is claimed by a taxpayer under this section in any year, he shall not be entitled to any deduction under this section for any other year.
5.5.6 Deduction in respect of health insurance premia paid, etc. (Section 80D)
Section 80D provides for deduction available for health insurance premia paid, etc. which is calculated as under:
Sl
No
Persons for
whom payment made
Nature of payment Mode of
payment
Allowable
Deduction
(in Rs)
1
Employee
or his family
™the whole of the amount paid to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the health of the employee or his family or™  any contribution made to the CGHS or such other scheme as may be notified by Central Government (Finance Act 2013)™  any payment on account of preventive health check-up of the employee or family, [restricted to Rs 5000/-; cash payment allowed here]
any
mode other than cash
Aggregate
allowable is
Rs 15,000/
{For Senior Citizens it is Rs 20000/-
}.
2
Parent or
Parents of employee
™the whole of the amount paid to effect or keep in force an insurance on the health of the parent or parents of the employee or™  any payment made on account of preventive health check-up of the parent or parents of the employee [restricted to Rs 5000/-; cash payment allowed here]
any
mode other than cash
Aggregate
allowable is
Rs 15,000/
{For Senior Citizens it is Rs 20000/-}
Here
i) “family” means the spouse and dependent children of the employee.
ii) Senior citizen” means an individual  resident in India who is of the age of sixty years
[For AY 2013-14 onwards] or more at any time during the relevant previous year.
The DDO must ensure that the medical insurance referred to above shall be in accordance with a scheme made in this behalf by-
(a) the General Insurance Corporation of India formed under section 9 of the General Insurance Business (Nationalization) Act, 1972 and approved by the Central Government in this behalf; or
(b)any  other  insurer  and  approved  by  the  Insurance  Regulatory  and  Development Authority established under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999.
5.5.7 Deductions in respect of expenditure on persons or dependants with disability
5.5.7.1 Deductions in respect of maintenance including medical treatment of a dependent who is a person with disability (section 80DD):
Under section 80DD, where an employee, who is a resident in India, has, during the previous year-
(a) incurred any expenditure for the medical treatment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of a dependant, being a person with disability; or
(b) paid or deposited any amount under a scheme framed in this behalf by the Life Insurance Corporation or any other insurer or the Administrator or the specified company subject to the conditions  specified  in  this  regard  and   approved  by  the  Board  in  this  behalf  for  the maintenance of a dependant, being a person with disability, the employee shall be allowed a deduction of a sum of fifty thousand rupees from his gross total income of that year.
However,  where such dependant is a person with  severe disability, an amount of one hundred thousand rupees shall be allowed as deduction subject to the specified conditions.
The deduction under (b) above shall be allowed only if the following conditions are fulfilled:-
(i) the scheme referred to in (b) above provides for payment of annuity or lump sum amount for the benefit of a dependant, being a person with disability, in the event of the death of the individual in whose name subscription to the scheme has been made;
(ii) the employee nominates either the dependant, being a person with disability, or any other person or a trust to receive the payment on his behalf, for the benefit of the dependant, being a person with disability.
However,  if  the  dependant,  being  a  person  with  disability,  predeceases  the  employee,  an amount equal to the amount paid or deposited under sub-para(b) above shall be deemed to be the income of the employee of the previous year in which such amount is received by the employee and shall accordingly be chargeable to tax as the income of that previous year.
5.5.7.2 Deductions in respect of a person with disability (section 80U):
Under  section 80U, in computing the total income of an individual, being a resident, who, at any time during the previous year, is certified by the medical authority to be a person with disability, there shall be allowed a deduction of a sum of fifty thousand rupees. However, where such individual is a person with severe disability, a higher deduction of one lakh rupees shall be allowable.
DDOs should note that 80DD deduction is in case of the dependent of the employee whereas
80U deduction is in case of the employee himself. However under both the Sections the employee shall furnish to the DDO following:
1. A copy of the certificate issued by the medical authority as defined in Rule 11A(1) in the prescribed form as per Rule 11A(2) of the Rules.  The DDO has to allow deduction only after seeing that the Certificate furnished is from the Medical Authority defined in this Rule and the same is in the form as mentioned therein.
2. Further in cases where the condition of disability is temporary and requires reassessment of its extent after a period stipulated in the aforesaid certificate, no deduction under this section shall be allowed for any subsequent period  unless a new certificate is obtained from the medical authority  as in 1 above and furnished before the DDO.
3. For the purposes of section 80DD and 80 U some of the terms defined are as under:-
(a) “Administrator” means the Administrator as referred to in clause (a) of section 2 of the Unit Trust of India (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 200 ; (b) “dependant” means—
(i)  in the case of an individual, the spouse, children, parents, brothers and sisters of the individual or any of them;
(ii) in  the  case  of  a  Hindu  undivided  family,  a  member  of  the  Hindu undivided family, dependant wholly or mainly on such individual or Hindu undivided family for his support and maintenance, and who has not claimed any deduction under section 80U in computing his total income for the assessment year relating to the previous year;
(c) “disability” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (i) of section 2 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 and includes “autism”, “cerebral palsy” and “multiple disability” referred to in clauses (a), (c) and (h) of section 2 of the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999;
(d) “Life Insurance Corporation” shall have the same meaning as in clause (iii) of sub- section (8) of section 88;
(e) “medical authority” means the medical authority as referred to in clause (p) of section2 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation)  Act,  1995 or  such  other  medical  authority  as  may,  by  notification,  be specified by the Central Government for certifying “autism”, “cerebral palsy”, “multiple disabilities”, “person with disability” and “severe disability” referred to in clauses (a), (c), (h), (j) and (o) of section 2 of the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999;
(f)  “person with disability” means a person as referred to in clause (t) of section 2 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participa- tion) Act, 1995 or clause (j) of section 2 of the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999;
(g) “person with severe disability” means—
(i)  a person with eighty per cent or more of one or more disabilities, as referred to in sub-section (4) of section 56 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995; or
(ii)a person with severe disability referred to in clause (o) of section 2 of the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999;
(h) “specified company” means a company as referred to in clause (h) of section 2 of the Unit Trust of India (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2002.
5.5.8. Deduction in respect of medical treatment, etc. (Section 80DDB):
Section 80DDB allows a deduction in case of employee,  who is resident in India, during the previous year, of any amount actually paid for the medical treatment of such disease or ailment as may be specified in the rules 11DD (1) for himself or a dependant.  The deduction allowed is equal to the amount actually paid or Rs. 40,000 whichever is less. Further the amount paid should also be reduced by the amount received if any under insurance from an insurerer or reimbursed by an employer. I case of a  senior citizen (an individual resident in India who is of the age of sixty years or more at any time during the relevant previous year) the amount of deduction allowed is Rs. 60,000/-.
DDO must ensure that the employee furnishes a certificate in Form 10-I from a neurologist, an oncologist, a urologist, nephrologist,  a haematologist, an immunologist or such other specialist, as mentioned in Rule 11DD.
For the purpose of this section in the case of an employee “dependant” means individual, the spouse, children, parents, brothers and sisters of the employee or any of them, dependant wholly or mainly on the employee for his support and maintenance.
5.5.9  Deduction in respect of interest on loan taken for higher education (Section 80E):
Section 80E allows deduction in respect of payment of interest on loan taken from any financial institution or any approved charitable institution for  higher education for the purpose of pursuing his higher education or for the purpose of higher education of his spouse or his children or the student for whom he is the legal guardian.
The  deduction  shall be  allowed  in computing  the total income for the Financial  year in which the employee starts paying the  interest on the loan taken and immediately succeeding seven Financial years or until  the  Financial year in which  the interest  is paid in  full by the employee, whichever is earlier.
For the purpose of this section -
(a) “approved  charitable  institution”  means an institution established for charitable purposes  and  approved  by the prescribed authority  section  10(23C),  or an institution referred  to  in section 80G(2)(a);
(b) “financial  institution”  means a banking company  to which  the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 applies  (including  any bank or banking  institution referred to in section 51 of that Act);  or any other financial  institution  which the  Central Government  may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify  in this behalf;
(c) “higher education” means any course of study pursued after passing the Senior Secondary  Examination  or  its  equivalent  from  any  school,  board  or  university recognized by the Central Government or State Government or local authority or by any other authority authorized by the Central Government or State Government or local authority to do so;
5.5.10Deduction in respect of interest on loan taken for residential house property(Section 80EE):
Vide Finance Act 2013, an individual is allowed a deduction upto a limit of Rs 1,00,000 being paid as interest on a loan taken from a Financial Institution, sanctioned during the period 01-04- 2013 to 31-03-2014 (loan not to exceed Rs 25 lakhs) for acquisition of a residential house whose value does not exceed Rs 40 lakhs. However the deduction is available if the assessee does not own any residential house property on the date of sanction of the loan.
5.5.11 Deductions on respect of donations to certain funds, charitable institutions, etc. (Section 80G):
Section 80G provides for deductions on account of donation made to various funds , charitable organizations etc. In cases where employees make donations to the Prime Minister’s National Relief  Fund,  the  Chief  Minister’s  Relief  Fund  or  the  Lieutenant  Governor’s  Relief  Fund through their respective employers, it is not possible for such funds to issue separate certificate to every such employee in respect of donations made to such funds as contributions made to these funds are in the form of a consolidated cheque. An employee who makes donations towards these funds is eligible to claim deduction under section 80G. It is, hereby, clarified that the claim in respect of such donations as indicated above will be admissible under section 80G on the basis of the certificate issued by the Drawing and Disbursing Officer (DDO)/Employer in this behalf – Circular No. 2/2005, dated 12-1-2005.
No deduction under this section is allowable in case of amount of donation if exceeds Rs 10000/- unless the amount is paid by any mode other than cash.
5.5.12  Deductions is respect of rents paid (Section 80GG):
Section  80GG  allows the employee  to  a deduction in respect of house rent paid by him for his own residence. Such deduction is  permissible subject to the following conditions:-
(a)  the  employee  has  not  been  in  receipt  of  any  House  Rent  Allowance specifically granted to him  which qualifies  for  exemption under section 10(13A) of the Act;
(b)  the  employee  files the declaration in Form No.10BA. (Annexure X)
(c) The employee does not own:
(i)  any residential accommodation himself or by his spouse  or minor child or where such employee is  a member of a Hindu Undivided Family, by such family, at  the  place  where  he ordinarily  resides or performs  duties  of his office or carries on his business or profession;  or
(ii) at  anyother  place,  any  residential accommodation which is in the occupation of the employee, the value of which is to be determined under section 23(2)(a) or section 23(4)(a), as the case may be.
(d)  He  will  be entitled to a deduction in respect  of house  rent paid by him in excess of 10% of his  total income. The deduction shall be equal to 25% of total income or Rs. 2,000/- per month, whichever is less. The total income for working out these percentages will be computed before making any deduction under section 80GG.
TheDrawing and Disbursing Authorities should satisfy themselvesthat all the conditions mentioned  above  are satisfied  before such deduction is allowed by them to  the employee.
They should  also satisfy themselves  in  this regard  by  insisting on production of evidence  of actual  payment of rent.
5.5.13 Deductions in respect of certain donations for scientific research or rural development (Section 80 GGA):
Section 80GGA allows deduction from total income of employee in respect of donations  of any sum as given in the Table below:
Sl
No
Donations made to persons
Approval /
Notification under Section
Authority granting
approval/ Notification
1
To a research association which has as its object the undertaking of scientific research or to a University, college or other institution to be used for scientific research u/s 35(1)(ii) Central Government
2
To a research association which has as its object u/s 35(1)(iii) Central Government

the undertaking of research in social science or statistical research or to a University, college or other institution to be used for research in social science or statistical research

3
To an association or institution, which has as its object the undertaking of any programme of rural development, to be used for carrying out any programme  of rural development approved for the purposes of section 35CCA furnishes the
certificate u/s
35CCA (2)
Prescribed Authority
under Rule 6AAA
4
an  association  or  institution  which  has  as  its object the training of persons for implementing programmes of rural development. furnishes the
certificate u/s
35CCA (2A)
Prescribed Authority
under Rule 6AAA
5
To a public sector company or a local authority or to an association or institution approved by the National Committee, for carrying out any eligible project or scheme. furnishes the
certificate u/s
35AC(2)(a)
National Committee
for Promotion of Social & Economic Welfare
7
To a rural development fund
notified u/s
35CCA (1)(c)
set up and notified by
the Central
Government
8
To National Urban Poverty Eradication Fund
notified u/s
35CCA (1)(d)
set up and notified by
the Central
Government
No deduction under this section is allowable in case:
i) The employee has gross total income which includes income which is chargeable under the head “Profits and gains of business or profession”.
ii)  The amount of donation exceeds Rs 10000 and is paid in cash.
TheDrawing and Disbursing Authorities should satisfy themselvesthat all the conditions mentioned  above  are satisfied  before such deduction is allowed by them to  the employee. They should  also satisfy themselves  in  this regard  by  insisting on production of evidence  of actual  payment of donation and a receipt from the person to whom donation has been made and ensure that the approval/notification has been issued by the right authority. DDO must ensure a self-declaration from the employee that he has no income from “Profits and gains of business or profession”.
5.5.14 Deduction in respect of interest on deposits in savings account (Section 80TTA): Section 80TTA has been introduced from the Financial Year 2012-13 and it allows to an employee from his gross total income if it includes any income by way of interest on deposits(not being time deposits) in a savings account, a deduction amounting to:
(i) in a case where the amount of such income does not exceed in the aggregate ten thousand rupees, the whole of such amount; and
(ii) in any other case, ten thousand rupees.
The deduction is available, if such savings account is maintained in a
(a) banking company to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, applies (including any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act);
(b) co-operative society engaged in carrying on the business of banking (including a co- operative land mortgage bank or a co-operative land development bank); or
(c) Post Office as defined in clause (k) of section 2 of the Indian Post Office Act, 1898, For this section, “time deposits” means the deposits repayable on expiry of fixed periods.
6. REBATE OF RS 2000 FOR INDIVIDUALS HAVING TOTAL INCOME UPTO RS 5 LAKH [SECTION 87A]
Finance Act 2013 has provided relief in the form of rebate to individual taxpayers, resident in India, who are in lower income bracket, i. e. having total income  not exceeding Rs 5,00,000/-. The amount of rebate is Rs 2000/- or the amount of tax payable, whichever is lower.
TDS ON PAYMENT OF ACCUMULATED BALANCE UNDER RECOGNISED PROVIDENT  FUND  AND  CONTRIBUTION  FROM  APPROVED SUPERANNUATION FUND:
7.1 Thetrustees of a Recognized Provident Fund, or any personauthorizedby the regulations of the Fund  to  make payment of  accumulated  balances due  to  employees, shall in  cases where sub-rule(1) of Rule 9 of Part A of the Fourth  Schedule  to the Act applies, at the timewhen the accumulatedbalance due to an employee is paid, make therefrom the deduction specified in Rule 10 of Part A  of the Fourth Schedule to the Act.
The accumulated balance is treated as income chargeable under the head “Salaries”
7.2 Where  any  contributionmade  by  an  employer,  includinginterest  on  such contributions, if any, in an approved Superannuation Fund is paid to the employee,  tax on the amount so paid shall be deducted by the trustees of the Fund  to the extent provided in Rule 6 of Part B of the Fourth Schedule to the Act. TDS should be at the average rate of tax at which, the employee was liable to be taxed during the preceding three years or during the period, if that period is less than three years, when he was member of the fund.
The deductor shall remain liable to deduct tax on any sum paid on account of returned contributions (including interest, if any) even if a fund or part of a fund ceases to be an approved Superannuation fund.
8. DDOS TO SATISFY THEMSELVES ABOUT THE GENUINENESS OF CLAIM:
The Drawing and Disbursing Officers should satisfy themselves about theactual deposits/ subscriptions / payments made by the employees, by calling for such particulars/ information as they  deem  necessary  before  allowing the aforesaid deductions. In case the DDO is not satisfied about the genuineness of the employee’s claim regarding any deposit/ subscription/ payment made by the employee, he should not allow the same, and the  employee would  be free to claim the deduction/ rebate on such amount by filing his return  of  income and furnishing the  necessary  proof etc.,  therewith,  to  the satisfaction  of  the  Assessing Officer.
9.  CALCULATION OF INCOME-TAX TO BE DEDUCTED:
9.1  Salary income for the purpose of section 192 shall be computed  as  follow:-
(a)  Firstcomputethe gross salary asmentionedin para5.1including all the incomes mentioned  in para 5.2 and excluding the income mentioned in para 5.3.
(b)  Allow  deductions  mentioned in para 5.4 from  the figure arrived at (a) above and compute the amount to arrive at Net salary of the employee
(c)  Add income from all other heads- House property, Profits & gains of Business or Profession, capital gains and Income from other Sourcesto arrive at the Gross Total  Income  as  shown  in  the  form  of  simple statement  mentioned  para  3.5. However it may be remembered that no loss under any such head is allowable by DDO other than loss under the Head “Income from House property”.
(d) Allow  deductions  mentioned in para 5.5 from  the figurearrived  at  (c)above ensuring that the relevant conditions are satisfied. The aggregate  of the deductions subject to the threshold limits mentioned in para 5.5 shall not  exceed  the  amount at (b) above  and  if  it exceeds,  it should be restricted to that amount.
This will be the amount of Total income of the employee on which income tax would be required to be deducted. This income should be rounded off to the nearest multiple of ten rupees.
9.2  Income-tax on such income shall be calculated at the rates given in para 2.1 of this Circular keeping in view the age of the employee and subject to the provisions of sec. 206AA, as discussed in para 4.8. Rebate as per Section 87A upto Rs 2000/- to eligible persons (see para 6) may be given.  Surcharge shall be calculated in cases where applicable (see para 2.2).
9.3 The amount of tax payable so arrived at shall be increased by educational cess as applicable (2% for primary and 1% for secondary education) to arrive at the total tax payable.
9.4 The amount of tax as arrived at para 9.3 should be deducted every month in equal installments. Any excess or deficit arising out of any previous deduction can be adjusted by increasing or decreasing the amount of subsequent deductions during the same financial year.
10.  MISCELLANEOUS:
10.1  These  instructions  are not  exhaustive  and  are issued  only  with  a  view to  guide  the employers to understand the various provisions relating to deduction of tax fromsalaries. Wherever there is any doubt, reference may be  made to the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961,  the Income-tax Rules, 1962, the Finance Act 2013, the relevant circulars / notifications, etc.
10.2In case any assistance is required, theAssessingOfficer/the Local Public Relation Officer of the Income-tax Department may be contacted.
10.3 Theseinstructions may be broughttothe notice ofallDisbursing  Officersand Undertakings  including  those  under  the control of  the  Central/ State Governments.
10.4  Copies of this Circular are available with the Director  of Income-tax(Research, Statistics & Publications and Public  Relations),  6th  Floor,  Mayur  Bhavan,  Connaught Place, New Delhi-110 001 and at the following websites:
www.finmin.nic.in & www.incometaxindia.gov.in
Hindi version will follow.
F.No. 275/192/2013-IT(B)
(Anshu Prakash) Director(Budget)
Central Board of Direct Taxes
Copy  to
1. All  State  Governments/Union Territories.
2. All Ministries/Departments of Government of India etc.
3. President’s Secretariat
4. Vice-President’s Secretariat
5. Prime Minister’s Office
6. Lok Sabha Secretariat
7. Rajya Sabha Secretariat
8. Cabinet Secretariat
9. Secretary, U.P.S.C., Dholpur House, New Delhi
10. Secretary, Staff Selection Commission, Lodhi Complex,  New Delhi
11. Supreme Court of India, New Delhi
12. Election Commission, New Delhi
13. Planning Commission, New Delhi
14. Secretariat of Governors/Lt. Governors of all States/Union Territories
15. All Integrated Financial Advisors to Ministries/Departments of Government of India
16. All Heads of Departments & Offices subordinate to the Department of Revenue CBDT, CBEC
17. Army Headquarters, New Delhi
18. Air Headquarters, New Delhi
19. Naval Headquarters, New Delhi
20. Director-General of Posts & Telegraphs, New Delhi(10 copies)
21. Comptroller & Auditor General of India (50 copies)
22. Accountant General – I, Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad
23. Accountant General-II, Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad
24. Accountant General, Assam, Shillong
25. Accountant General-I, Bihar, Ranchi
26. Accountant General-II, Bihar, Patna
27. Accountant General-I, Gujarat, Ahmedabad
28. Accountant General-II, Gujarat, Rajkot
29. Accountant General, Kerala, Thiruananthapuram
30. Accountant General, Madhya Pradesh, Gwalior
31. Accountant General, Tamil Nadu, Chennai
32. Accountant General-I, Maharashtra, Mumbai
33. Accountant General-II, Maharashtra, Nagpur
34. Accountant General, Karnataka, Bengaluru
35. Accountant General, Orissa, Bhubaneshwar
36. Accountant General, Punjab, Chandigarh
37. Accountant General, Himachal Pradesh, Simla
38. Accountant General, Rajasthan, Jaipur
39. Accountant General-I, II & III, Uttar Pradesh, Allahabad
40. Accountant General, West Bengal, Kolkata
41. Accountant General, Haryana, Chandigarh
42. Accountant General, Jammu & Kashmir, Srinagar
43. Accountant General, Manipur, Imphal
44. Accountant General, Tripura, Agartala
45. Accountant General, Nagaland, Kohima
46. Director of Audit(Central)Kolkata
47. Director of Audit(Central Revenue), New Delhi
48. Director of Audit (Central), Mumbai
49. Director of Audit, Scientific & Commercial Department, Mumbai
50. All Banks (Public Sector, Nationalized including State Bank of India)
51. Secretary, Reserve Bank of India Central Office P.B.No.406, Mumbai-400001 (25 copies for distribution to its Branches).
52. Accounts Officer, Inspector General of Assam Rifles,  (Hqrs), Shillong
53. All Chambers of Commerce & Industry
54. Lok Sabha /Rajya Sabha Secretariat Libraries(15 copies each)
55. All Officers and Sections in Technical Wing of CBDT
56. Asstt. Chief Inspector, RBI Inspection Deptt. Regional Cell Mumbai/Kolkata/ Chennai/New Delhi/and Kanpur.
57. Controller of Accounts, Deptt. Of Economic Affairs, New Delhi
58. Manager  ,  Reserve  Bank  of  India,  Public  Debt  Office,Ahmedabad/Bengaluru/ Bhubaneswar/ Mumbai/Kolkata/Hyderabad/Kanpur/Jaipur/Chennai/Nagpur/New Delhi/ Patna/Guwahati/Trivandrum.
59. Accountant General, Post & Telegraph, Simla.
60. Controller General of Defence Accounts, New Delhi.
61. Directorate of Audit, Defence Services, New Delhi.
62. World Health Organisation, New Delhi.
63. International Labour Office, India Branch, New Delhi.
64. Secretary, Indian Red Cross Society, New Delhi
65. Atomic Energy Deptt. Mumbai.
66. Secretary, Development Board, Ministry of Commerce&Industry.
67. National Saving Organisation, Nagpur.
68. Deputy Accountant General, Post & Telegraph, Kolkata.
69. The Legal Adviser, Export-Import Bank of India, P.B.No.19969, umbai.4000021.
70. Manager, State Bank of India, Local Head Office :-
i.  Jeevan Deep Building, 1 Middleton Street, Kolkata. ii. Circle Top House, Rajai Salai, Chennai-600001.
iii.  Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
iv.  Bank Street, Hyderabad-500001 v. Hamida Road, Bhopal-462001
vi.  Shop Nos.101 to 105, Sector 17-B, Chandigarh
vii. New Amn.Building, Madam Cama Road, Mumbai-400021 viii.  9, Parliament Street, New Delhi-110001
ix.  Bhedru, Ahmedabad-380001
x. Judges Court Road, Post Box No.103, Patna-800001 xi.  59, Forest Park, Bhubaneshwar
xii. Guwahati, Assam
71. Chief Controller of Accounts, CBDT, Lok Nayak Bhawan, Khan Market, New Delhi
72. State Bank of Patiala, (Head Office), The Mall, Patiala
73. State Bank of Bikaner  and Jaipur, Head Office, Tilak Marg, ‘C’ Scheme Jaipur
74. State Bank of Hyderabad, Head Office, Gun Factory, Hyderabad
75. State Bank of Indore, 5 Yashwant Nivas Road, Indore.
76. State Bank of Mysore (Head Office), K.G.Road, Bengaluru
77. State Bank of Saurashtra, Behind Satyanarayan Road, Bhavnagar, Gujarat
78. State Bank of Travancore, Post Box No.34, Thiruanathpuram
79. N. S. Branch, Department of Economic Affairs, New Delhi
80. The Editor, ‘The Income-tax Reporter’ Company Law Institute of India (P) Ltd., 88, Thyagaraja Road, Thyagaraja Nagar, Chennai-600017
81. The Editor, Chartered Secretary, The Institute of Company Secretaries of India, ‘ICSI House, 22, Institutional Area, Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110003
82. The Editor, “Taxation” 174, Jorbagh, New Delhi
83. The Editor, “The Tax Law Review” Post Box No.152, Jallandhar-144001
84. The Editor, “Taxmann” Allied Services (P)Ltd., 1871, Kucha Chelan, Khari Baoli, Delhi-110006
85. The Min. of Law (Deptt. of Legal Affairs), Shastri Bhawan New Delhi.
86. Food Corporation of India, 16-17, Barakhamba Lane, New Delhi-110001
87. IFCI, Bank of Baroda Building, 16, Parliament Street, New Delhi
88. IDBI, IDBI Tower, Cuffe Parad, Mumbai-400 005
89. ICICI, 163, Backbay Reclamation, Mumbai-400 020
90. NABARD, Poonam Chambers, Dr.Annie Besant Road, P.B.No.552,Worli, Mumbai
91. National Housing Bank, 3rd Floor, Bombay Life Building, 45, Veer Nariman Road, Mumbai
92. IRBI, 19, Netaji Subhash Road, Kolkata
93. All Foreign Banks operating in India
94. Air India, New Delhi
95. University Grants Commission, Bahadur Shah Jafar Marg, New Delhi
96. The Deputy Director(Admn.), NSSO (FOD), Mahalonobis Bhavan, 6th Floor, 164, G.L.Tagore Road, Kolkata-700108.
(Anshu Prakash)
Director(Budget)
Central Board of Direct Taxes

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